Journal of


  (Formerly Journal of the Czech Geological Society)

Original Paper

Grygar, Vavro

Evolution of Lugosilesian orocline (north-eastern periphery of the Bohemian Massif): kinematics of Variscan deformation

Journal of the Czech Geological Society, volume 40 (1995), issue 1-2, 65 - 90


The north-eastern periphery of the Bohemian Massif was consolidated during long-lasting Variscan s.l. (Caledonian-Variscan) orogeny, in the conditions of the subequatorial oblique collision of more inner zones of the Variscan accretion wedge with the Brunovistulian terrane. This foreland corresponds to a mosaic of units most probably sutured, and jointly accreted, to the Baltica during the Caledonian orogeny.
Regional kinematic analysis of the more internal domains (the Orlice-Sněžník Unit and its footwall envelope) proved the early-Variscan top-to-N lower crust synmetamorphic (higher rank of amphibolite to granulite-eclogite facies) nappe shearing. The Lower Devonian collision caused ENE-WSW transtensional stretching - oblique rifting of the Brunovistulian foreland brittle crust. The top-to-N thrusting of the Variscan orogenic front is recorded by an a-type of stretching lineations in the gneiss of the Orlice-Sněžník Unit. Due to the NW-SE trend of the western indented edge of the Brunovistulian foreland, an oblique dextral wrench collision in the Moravosilesian Zone occurred. The mentioned NNW-SSE transpressional shortening resulted in crustal overthickening and the top-to-SE back thrusting, especially in the Zábřeh Unit and Silesicum. The late-Variscan transtension, with an ENE trend of stretching lineations, followed above mentioned crust overthickening. The gravitational collapse and out-ward lateral escape in the inner and deeper domains was contemporaneous with wide-spread intrusions of S-type granites and the growing of subperpendicular half-grabens, e.g. Boskovice and Orlice furrows.
The dextral late-Variscan, and post-Variscan strike-slip kinematics along the Sudetic WNW trending transcurent faults resulted in a typical bend of orogen - the Lugosilesian orocline.

Journal of Geosciences, Published by © Czech Geological Society, with support from the Czech Geological Survey.
Webdesign inspired by aTeo. Hosted at the server of the Institute of Petrology and Structural Geology, Charles University, Prague.
ISSN: 1803-1943 (online), 1802-6222 (print)
email: jgeosci(at)
cover_rotated.gif, 15kB

SNIP (Scopus, 2022): 0.826

IF (WoS, 2022): 1.4

5 YEAR IF (WoS, 2022): 1.8

Policy: Open Access

ISSN: 1802-6222

E-ISSN: 1803-1943