Journal of


  (Formerly Journal of the Czech Geological Society)

Original Paper

Vojtěch Janoušek, Stanislav Vrána, Vojtěch Erban, Karel Vokurka, Milan Drábek

Metabasic rocks in the Varied Group of the Moldanubian Zone, southern Bohemia - their petrology, geochemical character and possible petrogenesis

Journal of Geosciences, volume 53 (2008), issue 1, 31 - 64


  Abstract References Map

Boynton WV (1984) Cosmochemistry of the rare earth elements: meteorite studies. In: Henderson P (ed) Rare Earth Element Geochemistry. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 63-114

Chaloupský J (1978) The Precambrian tectogenesis in the Bohemian Massif. Int J Earth Sci (Geol Rundsch ) 67: 72-90

Crowley Q, Floyd P, Winchester J, Franke W, Holland J (2000) Early Palaeozoic rift-related magmatism in Variscan Europe; fragmentation of the Armorican terrane assemblage. Terra Nova 12: 171-180

DePaolo DJ (1981) Trace element and isotopic effects of combined wallrock assimilation and fractional crystallization. Earth Planet Sci Lett 53: 189-202

DePaolo DJ (1988) Neodymium Isotope Geochemistry. Springer Verlag, Berlin, pp 1-187

Dickin AP (1995) Radiogenic Isotope Geology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 1-452

Drábek M, Stein H (2003) The age of formation of a marble in the Moldanubian Varied Group, Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic using Re-Os dating of molybdenite. In: Eliopoulos CJ, Spry P, Stein H, Beaudoin G (eds) Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development. Millpress, Rotterdam, pp 973-976

Drábek M, Frýda J, Janoušek V, Šarbach M (1999) Regionally metamorphosed carbonatite-like marbles from the Varied Group, Moldanubian Unit, Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic and their Mo-Th-Nb-REE mineralization. In: Stanley CJ, Wall F, Williams CT, McDonald I, Prichard H (eds) Mineral Deposits: Processes to Processing. Proceedings of the Fifth Biennial SGA Meeting and the Tenth Quadrennial IAGOD Meeting, London, 22-25 August 1999. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 635-638

Faure G (2001) Origin of Igneous Rocks: The Isotopic Evidence. Springer Verlag, Berlin, pp 1-496

Fiala J, Fuchs G, Wendt JI (1995) Moldanubian Zone - Stratigraphy. In: Dallmeyer RD, Franke W, Weber K (eds) Pre-Permian Geology of Central and Eastern Europe. Springer, Berlin, pp 417-428

Finger F, Steyrer HP (1995) A tectonic model for the eastern Variscides: indications from a chemical study of amphibolites in the south-eastern Bohemian Massif. Geol Zbor Geol Carpathica 46: 137-150

Finger F, Gerdes A, Janoušek V, René M, Riegler G (2007) Resolving the Variscan evolution of the Moldanubian sector of the Bohemian Massif: the significance of the Bavarian and the Moravo-Moldanubian tectonometamorphic phases. J Geosci 52: 9-28

Floyd PA, Winchester JA (1975) Magma type and tectonic setting discrimination using immobile elements. Earth Planet Sci Lett 27: 211-218

Floyd PA, Winchester JA (1978) Identification and discrimination of altered and metamorphosed volcanic rocks using immobile elements. Chem Geol 21: 291-306

Floyd PA, Winchester JA, Ciesielczuk J, Lewandowska A, Szczepański J, Turniak K (1996) Geochemistry of early Palaeozoic amphibolites from the Orlica-Snieznik dome, Bohemian massif: petrogenesis and palaeotectonic aspects. Geol Rundsch 85: 225-238

Floyd PA, Winchester JA, Seston R, Kryza R, Crowley QG (2000) Review of geochemical variation in lower Palaeozoic metabasites from the NE Bohemian Massif; intracratonic rifting and plume-ridge interaction. In: Franke W, Haak V, Oncken O, Tanner D (eds) Orogenic Processes: Quantification and Modelling in the Variscan Fold Belt. Geol Soc London Spec Pub 179: pp 155-174

Floyd PA, Kryza R, Crowley QG, Winchester JA, Abdel WM (2002) Sleza Ophiolite; geochemical features and relationship to lower Palaeozoic rift magmatism in the Bohemian Massif. In: Winchester JA, Pharaoh TC, Verniers J (eds) Palaeozoic Amalgamation of Central Europe. Geol Soc London Spec Pub 201: pp 197-215

Franěk J, Schulmann K, Lexa O (2006) Kinematic and rheological model of exhumation of high pressure granulites in the Variscan orogenic root: example of the Blanský les granulite, Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic. Mineral Petrol 86: 253-276

Frank W, Hammer S, Popp F, Scharbert S, Thöni M (1990) Isotopengeologische Neuergebnisse zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Böhmischen Masse. Österr Beitr Met Geoph 3: 185-228

Franke W (2000) The mid-European segment of the Variscides: tectonostratigraphic units, terrane boundaries and plate tectonic evolution. In: Franke W, Haak V, Oncken O, Tanner D (eds) Orogenic Processes: Quantification and Modelling in the Variscan Belt. Geol Soc London Spec Pub 179: pp 35-61

Friedl G, Finger F, Paquette JL, von Quadt A, McNaughton NJ, Fletcher IR (2004) Pre-Variscan geological events in the Austrian part of the Bohemian Massif deduced from U/Pb zircon ages. Int J Earth Sci (Geol Rundsch) 93: 802-823

Fritz H (1995) The Raabs Series: a probable Variscan suture in the SE Bohemian Massif. Jb Geol B-A 138: 639-653

Gebauer D, Friedl G (1994) A 1.38 Ga protolith age for the Dobra orthogneiss (Moldanubian zone of the southern Bohemian Massif, NE-Austria): evidence from ion-microprobe (SHRIMP) dating of zircon. J Czech Geol Soc 39: 34-35
Direct link

Goldstein SL, O‘Nions RK, Hamilton P J (1984) A Sm-Nd isotopic study of atmospheric dusts and particulates from major river systems. Earth Planet Sci Lett 70: 221-236

Harvey PK, Atkin BP (1981) The rapid determination of Rb, Sr and their ratios in geological materials by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry using a rhodium X-ray tube. Chem Geol 32: 155-165

Houzar S, Novák M (2002) Marbles with carbonatite-like geochemical signature from variegated units of the Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic, and their geological significance. J Czech Geol Soc 47: 103-110
Direct link

Irvine TN, Baragar WRA (1971) A guide to the chemical classification of the common volcanic rocks. Can J Earth Sci 8: 523-548

Jacobsen SB, Wasserburg GJ (1980) Sm-Nd isotopic evolution of chondrites. Earth Planet Sci Lett 50: 139-155

Janoušek V, Vrána S, Vokurka K (1997) Strontium and neodymium isotopes in Moldanubian amphibolites from the surroundings of Chýnov (Southern Bohemia). Zpr geol Výzk v Roce 1996, 80-81

Janoušek V, Finger F, Roberts MP, Frýda J, Pin C, Dolejš D (2004) Deciphering petrogenesis of deeply buried granites: whole-rock geochemical constraints on the origin of largely undepleted felsic granulites from the Moldanubian Zone of the Bohemian Massif. Trans Roy Soc Edinb, Earth Sci 95: 141-159

Janoušek V, Erban V, Farrow CM (2006a) Using the R language for graphical presentation and interpretation of compositional data in mineralogy: introducing the package GCDkit-Mineral. In: UseR! 2006 Book of Abstracts. Austrian Association for Statistical Computing (AASC) and Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien, Vienna, 84

Janoušek V, Farrow CM, Erban V (2006b) Interpretation of whole-rock geochemical data in igneous geochemistry: introducing Geochemical Data Toolkit (GCDkit). J Petrol 47: 1255-1259

Jenček V, Vajner V (1968) Stratigraphy and relations of the groups in the Bohemian part of the Moldanubicum. Krystalinikum 6: 105-124

Jensen LS (1976) A New Cation Plot for Classifying Subalkalic Volcanic Rocks. Ontario Geol Surv Misc Paper 66: pp 1-22

Kachlík V (1999) Relationship between Moldanubicum, the Kutná Hora Crystalline Unit and Bohemicum (Central Bohemia, Czech Republic): a result of polyphase Variscan nappe tectonics. J Czech Geol Soc 44: 201-291
Direct link

Konzalová M (1981) Some late Precambrian microfossils from the Bohemian Massif and their correlation. Precambr Res 15: 43 -62

Kröner A, Wendt I, Liew TC, Compston W, Todt W, Fiala J, Vaňková V, Vaněk J (1988) U-Pb zircon and Sm-Nd model ages of high-grade Moldanubian metasediments, Bohemian Massif, Czechoslovakia. Contrib Mineral Petrol 99: 257-266

Kröner A, O'Brien PJ, Nemchin AA, Pidgeon RT (2000) Zircon ages for high pressure granulites from South Bohemia, Czech Republic, and their connection to Carboniferous high temperature processes. Contrib Mineral Petrol 138: 127-142

Kříbek B, Hladíková J, Frýda J (1997) Scapolite- and anhydrite-bearing rocks from the Moldanubian Zone of the Bohemian Massif: metamorphosed exhalites and evaporates. J Czech Geol Soc 42: 62.
Direct link

Leake BE, Wooley AR, Arps CES, Birch WD, Gilbert MC, Grice JD, Hawthorne FC, Kato A, Kisch HJ, Krivovichev VG, Linthout K, Laird J, Mandarino J, Maresch WV, Nickel EH, Rock NMS, Schumacher JC, Smith J C, Stephenson NCN, Whittaker EJW, Youzhi G (1997) Nomenclature of amphiboles: report of the Subcommittee on Amphiboles of the International Mineralogical Association Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names. Mineral Mag 61: 295-321

Le Bas MJ, Le Maitre RW, Streckeisen A, Zanettin B (1986) A chemical classification of volcanic rocks based on the total alkali-silica diagram. J Petrol 27: 745-750

Liew T C, Hofmann A W (1988) Precambrian crustal components, plutonic associations, plate environment of the Hercynian Fold Belt of Central Europe: indications from a Nd and Sr isotopic study. Contrib Mineral Petrol 98: 129-138

Lugmair GW, Marti K (1978) Lunar initial 143Nd/144Nd: differential evolution line of the lunar crust and mantle. Earth Planet Sci Lett 39: 349-357

Matějovská O (1987) Fe-rich amphibolites wit tholeiitic affinity from the SE margin of the Bohemian Massif. Jb Geol B-A 130: 493-503

Mayer A, Gerdes A, Starijas B, Finger F (2005) Die Metabasitkörper des niederösterreichischen Moldanubikums: Geochemie und neue Zirkonalter. Mitt Österr mineral Gesell 151: 89

Mayer A, Gerdes A, Janoušek V, Erban V, Starijas B, Finger F (2007) The metabasite bodies of the Moldanubian Zone in Lower Austria: geochemistry and zircon ages. In: Venera Z (ed) CzechTec 07. 5th meeting of the Central European Tectonic Studies Group (CETeG) and 12th Meeting of the Czech Tectonic Studies Group (ČTS). Czech Geological Survey, Prague, pp 56-57

McArthur J M (1998) Strontium Isotope Stratigraphy. In: Doyle P, Bennett MR (eds) Unlocking the Stratigraphical Record: Advances in Modern Stratigraphy. John Wiley a Sons, pp 221-241

Meschede M (1986) A method of discriminating between different types of mid-ocean ridge basalts and continental tholeiites with the Nb-Zr-Y diagram. Chem Geol 56: 207-218

Míková J, Denková P. (2007) Modified chromatographic separation scheme for Sr and Nd isotope analysis in geological silicate samples. J Geosci 53: 221-226

Moravcová O (1999) Geochemistry of Moldanubian amphibolites (Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic). Krystalinikum 25: 83-103

Mullen E D (1983) MnO/TiO2/P2O5: a minor element discriminant for basaltic rocks of oceanic environments and its implications for petrogenesis. Earth Planet Sci Lett 62: 53-62

Němec D (1994) Metamorphosed ferrogabbros of the West-Moravian Moldanubicum. Acta Mus Moraviae, Sci natur 79: 25-41

Němec D (1995) Regional distribution of chromium and nickel in Moldanubian MORB-derived amphibolites of the Bohemian-Moravian Heights. Scr Univ Masaryk brun, Geol 25: 21-35

Němec D (1996a) Granulite facies metabasites in the Náměšť granulite complex, western Moravia. Věst Čes geol úst 71: 277-284

Němec D (1996b) Metamorphosed Mg gabbros of the West Moravian Moldanubicum. Acta Mus Moraviae, Sci natur 81: 41-51

Němec D (1997) High-Al amphibolites of the Bohemian-Moravian Heights. Acta Mus Moraviae, Sci natur 82: 63-72

Němec D (1998) Highly mafic amphibolites in the Moldanubian Zone of the Bohemian-Moravian Heights (Českomoravská vrchovina). Acta Mus Moraviae, Sci natur 83: 59-71

Němec D (1999) Chemical changes in Moldanubian amphibolites caused by regional metamorphism. Krystalinikum 25: 105-125

O'Brien PJ (2006) Type-locality granulites: high-pressure rocks formed at eclogite-facies conditions. Mineral Petrol 86: 161-175

O'Brien P J (2008) Challenges in high-pressure granulite metamorphism in the era of pseudosections: reaction textures, compositional zoning and tectonic interpretation with examples from the Bohemian Massif. J Metamorph Geol 26: 235-251

O'Brien PJ, Rötzler J (2003) High-pressure granulites: formation, recovery of peak conditions and implications for tectonics. J Metamorph Geol 21: 3-20

Pacltová B, Štemprok M (1994) Silurian (Wenlockian) sporomorph in South Bohemian Moldanubicum. J Czech Geol Soc 39: 81-82
Direct link

Patočka F (1987) The geochemistry of mafic metavolcanics: implications for the origin of the Devonian massive sulfide deposits at Zlaté Hory, Czechoslovakia. Miner Depos 22: 144-150

Patočka F (1991) Geochemistry and primary tectonic environment of the amphibolites from the Český Krumlov Varied Group (Bohemian Massif, Moldanubicum). Jb Geol B-A 134: 117-133

Patočka F, Kachlík V, Dostal J, Frána J (2003) Granitoid gneisses with relict orbicular metagranitoids from the Varied Group of the southern Bohemian Massif Moldanubicum: Protolith derived from melting of Archaean crust? J Czech Geol Soc 48: 100-101
Direct link

Pearce JA (1996) A user's guide to basalt discrimination diagrams. In: Wyman DA (ed) Trace Element Geochemistry of Volcanic Rocks: Applications for Massive Sulphide Exploration. Geol Assoc Canada, Short Course Notes 12: pp 79-113

Pearce JA, Cann JR (1973) Tectonic setting of basic volcanic rocks determined using trace element analyses. Earth Planet Sci Lett 19: 290-300

Pin C, Zalduegui J F S (1997) Sequential separation of light rare-earth elements, thorium and uranium by miniaturized extraction chromatography: Application to isotopic analyses of silicate rocks. Anal Chim Acta 339: 79-89

Pin C, Briot D, Bassin C, Poitrasson F (1994) Concomitant separation of strontium and samarium-neodymium for isotopic analysis in silicate samples, based on specific extraction chromatography. Anal Chim Acta 298: 209-217

Procházka V. (2007) The composition of Moldanubian marbles - an important argument for a Precambrian age of the Varied group. Sbor Jihočes Muz v Č. Budějovicích, Přír Vědy 47: 27-38 (in Czech)

Prokoph A, Veizer J (1999) Trends, cycles and nonstationerities in isotope signals of Phanerozoic seawater. Chem Geol 161: 225-240

Racek M, Štípská P, Pitra P, Schulmann K, Lexa O (2006) Metamorphic record of burial and exhumation of orogenic lower and middle crust: a new tectonothermal model for the Drosendorf window (Bohemian Massif, Austria). Mineral Petrol 86: 221-251

Rajlich P, Synek J, Šarbach M, Schulmann K (1986) Hercynian-thrust related shear zones and deformation of the Varied Group on the contact of granulites (Southern Moldanubian, Bohemian Massif). Geol Rundsch 75: 665-683

Rapp RP, Watson EB, Miller CF (1991) Partial melting of amphibolite/eclogite and the origin of Archean trondhjemites and tonalites. Precambr Res 51: 1-25

René M (2007) Amphibolites of the Moldanubian Varied Group in the Chýnov area. Zpr geol Výzk v Roce 2006, 136-138

Richard P, Shimizu N, Allègre CJ (1976) 143Nd/146Nd, a natural tracer: an application to oceanic basalts. Earth Planet Sci Lett 31: 269-278

Schulmann K, Kröner A, Hegner E, Wendt I, Konopásek J, Lexa O, Štípská P (2005) Chronological constraints on the pre-orogenic history, burial and exhumation of deep-seated rocks along the eastern margin of the Variscan Orogen, Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic. Amer J Sci 305: 407-448

Schulmann K, Lexa O, Štípská P, Racek M, Tajčmanová L, Konopásek J, Edel J B, Peschler A, Lehmann J (2008) Vertical extrusion and horizontal channel flow of orogenic lower crust: key exhumation mechanisms in large hot orogens? J Metamorph Geol 26: 273-297

Steiger RH, Jäger E (1977) Subcommission on Geochronology; convention on the use of decay constants in geo- and cosmochronology. Earth Planet Sci Lett 36: 359-362

Sun SS, McDonough WF (1989) Chemical and isotopic systematics of oceanic basalts: implications for mantle composition and processes. In: Saunders AD, Norry M (eds) Magmatism in Ocean Basins. Geol Soc London Spec Pub 42: pp 313-345

Sun SS, Bailey DK, Tarney J, Dunham K (1980) Lead isotopic study of young volcanic rocks from mid-ocean ridges, ocean islands and island arcs. Philos Trans R Soc London A297: 409-445

Šichtářová I (1981) Moldanubian amphibolites in the area SE of Náměšť nad Oslavou. Věst Ústř úst geol 56: 203-214

Taylor S R, McLennan S M (1995) The geochemical evolution of the continental crust. Reviews in Geophysics 33: 241-265

Veizer J, Ala D, Azmy K, Bruckschen P, Buhl D, Bruhn F, Carden GAF, Diener A, Ebneth S, Godderis Y, Jasper T, Korte C, Pawellek F, Podlaha OG, Strauss H (1999) 87 Sr/86Sr, δ13C and δ18O evolution of Phanerozoic seawater. Chem Geol 161: 59-88

Vokurka K (1995) Setting-up the method Sm-Nd in the Czech Geological Survey. Zpr geol Výzk v Roce 1993, 97-98

Vrána S (1992) The Moldanubian zone in Southern Bohemia: polyphase evolution of imbricated crustal and upper mantle segments. In: Kukal Z (ed) Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on the Bohemian Massif. Czech Geological Survey, Prague, pp 331-336

Vrána S, Šrámek J (1999) Geological interpretation of detailed gravity survey of the granulite complex in southern Bohemia and its structure. Věst Čes geol úst 74: 261-277

Wendt I (1989) U-Pb Zirkondatierung und Sm-Nd Systematik sowie Petrologie und Geochemie an Granuliten und Gneisen aus dem Moldanubikum Südböhmens (ČSSR). Diplomarbeit, Institut für Geowissenschaften, Universität Mainz.

Wendt JI, Kröner A, Fiala J, Todt W (1993) Evidence from zircon dating for existence of approximately 2.1 Ga old crystalline basement in southern Bohemia, Czech Republic. Geol Rundsch 82: 42- 50

Wendt JI, Kröner A, Fiala J, Todt W (1994) U-Pb zircon and Sm-Nd dating of Moldanubian HP/HT granulites from south Bohemia, Czech Republic. J Geol Soc, London 151: 83-90

Wilson M (1989) Igneous Petrogenesis. Unwin Hyman, London, p. 1-466

Winchester JA, Floyd PA (1976) Geochemical magma type discrimination; application to altered and metamorphosed basic igneous rocks. Earth Planet Sci Lett 28: 459-469

Winchester JA, Floyd PA (1977) Geochemical discrimination of different magma series and their differentiation products using immobile elements. Chem Geol 20: 325-343

Winchester J A, Park R G, Holland J G (1980) The geochemistry of Lewisian semipelite schists from the Gairloch District, Wester Ross. Scott J Geol 16: 165-179

Winchester JA, Floyd PA, Awdankiewicz M, Piasecki MAJ, Awdankiewicz H, Gunia P, Gliwicz T (1998) Geochemistry and tectonic significance of metabasic suites in the Góry Sowie Block, SW Poland. J Geol Soc, London 155: 155-164

Wolf MB, Wyllie PJ (1994) Dehydratation-melting of amphibolite at 10 kbar: the effects of temperature and time. Contrib Mineral Petrol 115: 369-383

Wood DA (1980) The application of a Th-Hf-Ta diagram to problems of tectonomagmatic classification and to establishing the nature of crustal contamination of basaltic lavas of the British Tertiary volcanic province. Earth Planet Sci Lett 50: 11-30

Wood DA, Joron JL, Treuil M (1979) A re-appraisal of the use of trace elements to classify and discriminate between magma series erupted in different tectonic settings. Earth Planet Sci Lett 45: 326-336

Journal of Geosciences, Published by © Czech Geological Society, with support from the Czech Geological Survey.
Webdesign inspired by aTeo. Hosted at the server of the Institute of Petrology and Structural Geology, Charles University, Prague.
ISSN: 1803-1943 (online), 1802-6222 (print)
email: jgeosci(at)
cover_rotated.gif, 15kB

SNIP (Scopus, 2022): 0.826

IF (WoS, 2022): 1.4

5 YEAR IF (WoS, 2022): 1.8

Policy: Open Access

ISSN: 1802-6222

E-ISSN: 1803-1943