Journal of


  (Formerly Journal of the Czech Geological Society)

Original Paper

Michal Kubiš, Igor Broska

The granite system near Betliar village (Gemeric Superunit, Western Carpathians): evolution of a composite silicic reservoir

Journal of Geosciences, volume 55 (2010), issue 2, 131 - 148


  Abstract References

Antunes IMHR, Neiva AMR, Silva MMVG, Corfu F (2008) Geochemistry of S-type granitic rocks from the reversely zoned Castelo Branco pluton (central Portugal). Lithos 103: 445-465

Audétat A, Günther D, Heinrich CA (2000) Magmatic-hydrothermal evolution in a fractionating granite: a microchemical study of the Sn-W-F-mineralized Mole Granite (Australia). Geochim Cosmochim Acta 64: 3373-3393

Bajaník Š, Ivanička J, Mello J, Pristaš J, Reichwalder P, Snopko L, Vozár J, Vozárová A (1984) Geological map of the Slovenské Rudohorie Mts. - eastern part 1: 50 000. Dionýz Štúr Institute of Geology, Bratislava

Balen D, Broska I (2011) Tourmaline nodules - products of devolatilization within the final evolutionary stage of granitic melt? J Geol Soc, London 350: 53-68

Bea F, Fershtater GB, Corretgé LG (1992) The geochemistry of phosphorus in granite rocks and the effects of aluminium. Lithos 29: 43-56

Breiter K (2001) Phosphorus- and fluorine-rich granite system at Podlesí. In: Breiter K (ed.) Phosphorus- and Fluorine-rich Fractionated Granites: Abstracts, Excursion guide, Programme. Czech Geological Survey, Prague, pp 52-78

Breiter K, Frýda J, Seltmann R, Thomas R (1997) Mineralogical evidence for two magmatic stages in the evolution of an extremely fractionated P-rich rare-metal granite: the Podlesí stock, Krušné Hory, Czech Republic. J Petrol 38: 1723-1739

Breiter K, Förster HJ, Seltmann R (1999) Variscan silicic magmatism and related tin-tungsten mineralization in the Erzgebirge-Slavkovský les metallogenic province. Miner Depos 34: 505-521

Breiter K, Frýda J, Leichmann J (2002) Phosphorus and rubidium in alkali feldspars: case studies and possible genetic interpretation. Bull Czech Geol Surv 77: 93-104

Broska I, Uher P (2001) Whole-rock chemistry and genetic typology of the West-Carpathian Variscan granites. Geol Carpath 52: 79-90

Broska I, Dianiška I, Kubiš M, Uher P (2001) Spiš-Gemer granites (Slovakia): geochemistry, age and origin. In Breiter K (ed) Phosphorus- and Fluorine-rich Fractionated Granites: Abstracts, Excursion guide, Programme. Czech Geological Survey, Prague, pp 4-5

Broska I, Kubiš M, Williams CT, Konečný P (2002) The compositions of rock-forming and accessory minerals from the Gemeric granites (Hnilec area, Gemeric Superunit, Western Carpathians). Bull Czech Geol Surv 77: 147-155

Buriánek D, Novák M (2007) Compositional evolution and substitutions in disseminated and nodular tourmaline from leucogranite granites: examples from Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic. Lithos 95: 145-164

Cox RA, Dempster TY, Bell BR, Rogers G (1996) Crystallization of the Shap Granite: evidence from zoned K-feldspar megacrysts. J Geol Soc London, 153: 625-635

Dostal J, Chatterjee AK (1995) Origin of topaz-bearing and related peraluminous granites of the Late Devonian Davis Lake pluton, Nova Scotia, Canada: crystal versus fluid fractionation. Chem Geol 123: 67-88

Finger F, Broska I (1999) The Gemeric S-type granites in southeastern Slovakia: Late Paleozoic or Alpine intrusion? Evidence from electron-microprobe dating of monazite. Schweiz Mineral Petrogr Mitt 79: 439-443

Frýda J, Breiter K (1995) Alkali feldspars as a main phosphorus reservoir in rare-metal granites: three examples from the Bohemian Massif (Czech Republic). Terra Nova 7: 315-320

Grecula P (ed.) (1995) Mineral Deposits of the Slovak Ore Mountains. Volume 1. Mineralia Slovaca Corporation, Bratislava, pp 1-834

Haapala I, Lukkari S (2005) Petrological and geochemical evolution of the Kymi stock, a topaz granite cupola within the Wiborg rapakivi batholith, Finland. Lithos 80: 347-362

Jackson NJ, Willis-Richards J, Manning DAC, Sams MS (1989) Evolution of the Cornubian ore field, Southwest England: Part II. Mineral deposit and ore-forming processes. Econ Geol 84: 1101-1133

Kamenický J, Kamenický L (1955) The Gemeric granite and ore mineralization of the Spiš-Gemer Mts. Geol Práce, Zbor. 41: 5-73 (in Slovak)

Kantor J (1957) 40Ar/40K method of absolute age determination of rocks and their application to the Betliar granite. Geol Práce, Zbor 11: 188-200 (in Slovak)

Konečný P, Siman P, Holický I, Janák M, Kollárová V (2004) Method of monazite dating by means of the electron microprobe. Miner Slov 36: 225-235 (in Slovak with English abstract)

Kovách A, Svingor E, Grecula P (1986) Rb-Sr isotopic ages of granitoids from the Spišsko-Gemerské Rudohorie Mts. Miner Slov 18: 1-14

Kubiš M (2004) Origin and evolution of Spiš-Gemeric granites. Unpublished PhD. thesis, Geological Institute, Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, pp 1-153 (in Slovak with English abstract)

Kubiš M, Broska I (2005) The role of boron and fluorine in evolved granitic rock systems (on the example of the Hnilec area, Western Carpathians). Geol Carpath 56: 193-204

Larsen RB (2002) The distribution of rare-earth elements in K-feldspar as an indicator of petrogenetic processes in granitic pegmatites: examples from two pegmatite fields in southern Norway. Canad Mineral 40: 137-151

London D (1992) Phosphorus in S-type magmas: the P2O5 content of feldspars from peraluminous granites, pegmatites and rhyolites. Amer Miner 77: 126-145

London D (1998) Phosphorus-rich peraluminous granites. Acta Univ Carol, Geol 42: 64-68

London D, Černý P, Loomis JL, Pan JJ (1990) Phosphorus in alkali feldspars of rare-element granitic pegmatites. Canad Mineral 28: 771-786

Long PE, Luth WC (1986) Origin of K-feldspar megacrysts in granitic rocks: implication of a partitioning model for barium. Amer Miner 71: 367-375

Ludwig KR (2001) Isoplot/Ex ver. 2.49. A geochronological toolkit for Microsoft Excel. User manual. Berkeley Geochronological Centre Special Publications1a: pp 1-56

Malachovský P, Uher P, Ďuďa R (2000) Nb-W minerals in the Dlhá Dolina rare-element granite, the Spiš-Gemer Ore Mountains. Natura Carpatica 41: 7-14 (in Slovak)

Mehnert KR, Büsch W (1981) The Ba content of K-feldspar megacrysts in granites: a criterion for their formation. Neu Jb Mineral, Abh 140: 221-252

Nabelek P, Russ-Nabelek C, Denison JR (1992) The generation and crystallization of Proterozoic Harney Peak leucogranite, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA: petrologic and geochemical constrains. Contrib Mineral Petrol 110: 173-191

Ončáková P (1954) Petrography and petrochemistry of Gemeric granites. Geol Práce, Zoš 39: 3-53 (in Slovak)

Pichavant M, Montel JM, Richard LR (1992) Apatite solubility in peraluminous liquids: experimental data and extension of the Harrison-Watson model. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 56: 3855-3861

Plašienka D, Grecula P, Putiš M, Hovorka D, Kováč M (1997) Evolution and structure of the Western Carpathians. In: Grecula P, Hovorka D, Putiš M (eds) Geological Evolution of the Western Carpathians. Miner Slov - Monograph, Bratislava, pp 1-24

Poller U, Uher P, Broska I, Plašienka D, Janák M (2002) First Permian-Early Triassic zircon ages for tin-bearing granites from the Gemeric unit (Western Carpathians, Slovakia): connection to the post-collisional extension of the Variscan orogen and S-type granite magmatism. Terra Nova 14: 41-48

Pupin JP (1980) Zircon and granite petrology. Contrib Mineral Petrol 73: 207-220

Radvanec M, Konečný P, Ondrejka M, Putiš M, Uher P, Németh Z (2009) The Gemeric granites as an indicator of the crustal extension above the Late-Variscan subduction zone and during the Early Alpine riftogenesis (Western Carpathians): an interpretation from the monazite and zircon ages dated by CHIME and SHRIMP methods. Miner Slov 41: 381-394 (in Slovak with English summary).

Ramirez JA, Menendez LG (1999) A geochemical study of two peraluminous granites from south-central Iberia: the Nisa-Alburquerque and Jalama batholiths. Mineral Mag 63: 85-104

Rozložník L, Slavkovský J, Jacko S (1980) Final report to project II-4-5/1.6: Relations of mineralized structures to tectogenesis of Western Carpathians. Unpublished Manuscript, archive of Department of Geology and Mineralogy, Technical University, Košice, pp 1-144 (in Slovak)

Samson IM, Sinclair WD (1992) Magmatic hydrothermal fluids and the origin of quartz-tourmaline orbicles in the Seagull Batholith, Yukon Territory. Canad Mineral 30: 937-954

Schaltegger U, Pettke T, Audétar A, Reusser E, Heinrich ChA (2005) Magmatic-to-hydrothermal crystallization in the W-Sn mineralized Mole Granite (NSW Australia). Part I: crystallization of zircon and REE-phosphates over three million years - a geochemical and U-Pb geochronological study. Chem Geol 220: 215-235

Schatz OJ, Dolejš D, Stix J, Williams-Jones AE, Layne GD (2004) Partitioning of boron among melt, brine and vapor in the system haplogranite-H2O-NaCl at 800 °C and 100 MPa. Chem Geol 210: 135-147.

Shearer CK, Papike JJ, Laul JC (1987) Mineralogical and chemical evolution of a rare-element granite-pegmatite system: Harney Peak Granite, Black Hills, South Dakota. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 51: 473-486

Taylor SR, McLennan SM (1985) The Continental Crust: Its Composition and Evolution. Blackwell, Oxford, pp 1-312

Thomas R, Förster HJ, Rickers K, Webster JD (2005) Formation of extremely F-rich hydrous melt fractions and hydrothermal fluids during differentiation of highly evolved tin-granite magmas: a melt/fluid-inclusion study. Contrib Mineral Petrol 148: 582-601

Tischendorf G, Förster HJ, Gottesmann B, Rieder M (2007) True and brittle micas: composition and solid-solution series. Mineral Mag 71: 285-620.

Trumbull RB, Krienitz MS, Gottesmann B, Wiedenbeck M (2008) Chemical and boron-isotope variations in tourmalines from a S-type granite and its source rocks: the Erongo granite and tourmalinites in the Damara Belt, Namibia. Contrib Mineral Petrol 155: 1-18

Uher P, Broska I (1996) Post-orogenic Permian granitic rocks in the Western Carpathian-Pannonian area: geochemistry, mineralogy and evolution. Geol Carpath 47: 311-321

Uher P, Broska I, Dianiška I, Kubiš M, Malachovský P (2001) Tourmalines and Nb-Ta-W minerals in fractionated P- and F-rich granites: an example from the Spiš-Gemer granites, Eastern Slovakia. In: Breiter K (ed.) Phosphorus- and Fluorine-rich Fractionated Granites: Abstracts, Excursion guide, Programme. Czech Geological Survey, Prague, pp 32-33

Varček C (1959) Metallogenesis of the Spiš-Gemer Mts. Acta Geol Geogr Univ Comen, Geol 2: 123-138 (in Slovak)

Watson EB, Harrison TM (1983) Zircon saturation revisited: temperature and composition effects in a variety of crustal magma types. Earth Planet Sci Lett 64: 295-304

Journal of Geosciences, Published by © Czech Geological Society, with support from the Czech Geological Survey.
Webdesign inspired by aTeo. Hosted at the server of the Institute of Petrology and Structural Geology, Charles University, Prague.
ISSN: 1803-1943 (online), 1802-6222 (print)
email: jgeosci(at)
cover_rotated.gif, 15kB

SNIP (Scopus, 2021): 0.934

IF (WoS, 2021): 1.778

5 YEAR IF (WoS, 2021): 1.848

Policy: Open Access

ISSN: 1802-6222

E-ISSN: 1803-1943