Journal of


  (Formerly Journal of the Czech Geological Society)

Original Paper

Jan Pašava, Federica Zaccarini, Thomas Aiglsperger , Anna Vymazalová

Platinum-group elements (PGE) and their principal carriers in metal-rich black shales: an overview with a new data from Mo-Ni-PGE black shales (Zunyi region, Guizhou Province, south China)

Journal of Geosciences, volume 58 (2013), issue 3, 209 - 216


  Abstract References Map Affiliations

Aiglsperger T, Proenza JA, Zaccarini F, Labrador M, Navarro-Ciurana D (2011) Looking for needles in a haystack: how to find PGM in laterites by using hydroseparation techniques. Macla 15: 23-24

Cabri LJ, Beattie M, Rudashevsky NS, Rudashevsky VN (2005) Process mineralogy of Au, Pd and Pt ores from the Skaergaard intrusion, Greenland, using new technology. Mineral Eng 18: 887-897

Canet C, Alfonso P, Melgarejo JC, Jorge S (2003) PGE-bearing minerals in Silurian sedex deposits in the Poblet area, southwestern Catalonia, Spain. Canad Mineral 41: 581-595

Carville DP, Leckie JF, Moorhead CF, Rayner JG, Durbin AA (1990) Coronation Hill Gold-Platinum-Palladium deposit. In: Hughes FE (Ed) Geology of the Mineral Deposits of Australia and Papua New Guinea. The Australian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Melbourne Monographs 14, v1, pp 759-762

Chen NC, Yang X, Liu D, Xiao X, Fan DL, Wang L (1982) Lower Cambrian black argillaceous and arenaceous rock series in south China and its associated stratiform deposits. Miner Depos 1: 39-51 (in Chinese with English abstract)

Chernyshov NM, Korobkina TP (1995) New type of platinoid mineralization in the Voronez province: platinoid-bearing highly carbonaceous black shales. In: Orlov VP (ed) Platinum of Russia, vol 2, part 2. Geoinformmark Co., Moscow, pp 55-83 (in Russian)

Coveney RM Jr, Chen N (1991) Ni-Mo-PGE-Au-rich ores in Chinese black shales and speculations on possible analogues in the United States. Miner Depos 26: 83-88

Coveney RM Jr, Pašava J (2005) Origins of Au-Pt-Pd-bearing Ni-Mo-As (Zn) deposits hosted by Chinese black shales. In: Mao J, Bierlin FP (eds) Mineral Deposits Research: Meeting the Global Challenge. Proceedings of the 8th Biennial SGA Meeting, Beijing, Volume 1. Springer, Heidelberg, pp 101-102

Coveney RM Jr, Murowchick JR, Grauch RI, Glascock MD, Denison JR (1991) Gold and platinum in shales with evidence against extraterrestrial sources of metals. Chem Geol 99: 101-114

Distler VV, Mitrofanov GL, Nemerov VK, Kovalenker VA, Mokhov AV, Semeikina LK, Yudovskaya MA (1998) The platinum mineralization of the Sukhoy Log gold deposit (Russia). In: Laverov NP, Distler VV (eds) International Platinum. Theophrastus Publications, St. Petersburg-Athens, pp 178-193.

Emsbo P, Zhang X, Hofstra AH, Hu R , Johnson CA , Su W, Pi D, Koenig A , Grauch R (2005) Lower Cambrian metallogenesis of south China: interplay between diverse basinal hydrothermal fluids and marine chemistry. In: Mao J (Ed) Mineral Deposits Research: Meeting the Global Challenge. Proceedings of the 8th Biennial SGA Meeting, Beijing. Volume 1. Springer, Heidelberg, pp 115-118

Ermolayev NP, Sozinov NA, Flician ES, Tsinenov VA, Khoroshilov VL (1992) New Types of Precious and Rare Earth Element Ores in Black Shales. Nauka, Moscow, pp 3-185 (in Russian).

Fan D (1983) Polyelements in the Lower Cambrian black shale series in southern China. In: Augustithis SS (Ed) The Significance of Trace Metals in Solving Petrogenetic Problems and Controversies. Theophrastus Publications S.A., Athens, pp 447-474.

Gilbert DJ (1987) Mineralogical occurrence and texture of gold, platinum group minerals and other phases in heavy liquid fractions and diamond drill core samples, from Coronation Hill, Northern Territory. Melbourne BHP Melboure Research Laboratories, Petrology Section report MRL204, v. 1, pp 1-64

Grauch RI, Murowchick JB, Coveney RM Jr, Chen N (1991) Extreme concentration of Mo, Ni, PGE and Au in anoxic marine basins, China and Canada. In: Pagel M, Leroy JL (Eds) Source, Transport and Deposition of Metals. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 531-534

Hulbert LJ, Gregoire CD, Paktunc D (1992) Sedimentary nickel, zinc, and platinum-group-element mineralization in Devonian black shales at the Nick property, Yukon, Canada: a new deposit type. Explor Mineral Geol 1: 39-62

Jedwab J (2004) ‘Irite’ (Hermann, 1836/1841) from the Urals. Mineral Mag 68: 369-394

Jedwab J, Cassedanne J (1998) Historical observations on oxygen-bearing compounds of platinum and palladium in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canad Mineral 36:887-893

Jiang SY, Chen YQ, Ling HF, Yang JH, Feng HZ, Ni P (2006) Trace- and rare-earth element geochemistry and Pb-Pb dating of black shales and intercalated Ni-Mo-PGE-Au sulfide ores in Lower Cambrian strata, Yangtze Platform, South China. Miner Depos 41: 453-467

Jiang SY, Yang JH, Ling HF, Chen YQ, Feng HZ, Zhao KD, Ni P (2007) Extreme enrichment of polymetallic Ni-Mo-PGE-Au in Lower Cambrian black shales of South China: an Os isotope and PGE geochemical investigation. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 254: 217-228

Jiang SY, Pi DH, Heubeck C, Frimmel H, Liu YP, Deng HL, Ling HF, Yang JH (2009) Early Cambrian ocean anoxia in South China. Nature 459: E5-E6

Kao LS, Peacor DR, Coveney RM Jr, Zhao G, Dungey KE, Curtis MD, Penner-Hahn JE (2001) A C/MoS2 mixed-layer phase (MoSC) occurring in metalliferous black shales from southern China, and new data on jordisite. Amer Miner 86: 852-861

Kříbek B, Sýkorová I, Pašava J, Machovič V (2007) Organic geochemistry and petrography of barren and Mo-Ni-PGE mineralized marine black shales of the Lower Cambrian Niutitang Formation (south China). Int J Coal Geol 72: 240-256

Kucha H (1975) Preliminary report on the occurrence of palladium minerals in the Zechstein rocks of the Fore-Sudetic monocline. Mineral Pol 6: 87-92

Kucha H (1981) Precious metal alloys and organic matter in the Zechstein copper deposits, Poland. Tschermaks Mineral Petrogr Mitt 28:1-16

Kucha H (1982) Platinum-group metals in the Zechstein copper deposits, Poland. Econ Geol 77: 1587-1591

Lehmann B, Nägler TF, Holland HD, Wille M, Mao J, Pan J, Dulski P (2007) Highly metalliferous carbonaceous shale and Early Cambrian seawater. Geology 35: 403-406

Lott DA, Coveney RM Jr, Murowchick JB, Grauch RI (1999) Sedimentary exhalative nickel-molybdenum ores in south China. Econ Geol 94: 1051-1066

Mao J, Lehmann B, Du A, Zhang G, Ma D, Wand Y, Zeng M, Kerrich R (2002) Re-Os dating of polymetallic Ni-Mo-PGE-Au mineralization in Lower Cambrian black shales and its geologic significance. Econ Geol 47: 151-1061

Mao J, Cheng Y, Chen M, Pirajno F (2013) Major types and time-space distribution of Mesozoic ore deposits in South China and their geodynamic settings. Miner Depos 48: 267-294

Mitrofanov GL, Nemerov VK, Korobeinikov MK, Semeikina LK (1994) Platinum-potential of late Precambrian carbonaceous formations of the Baikalo-Patomic Plateau region. In: Orlov VP (ed) Platinum of Russia, vol 2, part 2. Geoinformmark Co., Moscow, pp 150-154 (in Russian)

Orberger B, Pašava J, Gallien JP, Daudin L, Pinti D (2003) Biogenic and abiogenic hydrothermal sulfides: controls of rare metal distribution in black shales. J Geochem Explor 78-79: 559-563

Orberger B, Vymazalová A, Wagner C, Fialin M, Gallien J, Wirth R, Pašava J, Montagnac G (2007) Biogenic origin of intergrown Mo-sulphide- and carbonaceous matter in Lower Cambrian black shales (Zunyi Formation, Southern China). Chem Geol 238: 213-231

Pašava J (1993) Anoxic sediments - an important source for PGE; an overview. Ore Geol Rev 8: 425-445

Pašava J., Kříbek B, Žák K, Vymazalová A, Hailing D, Taiyi L, Chaoyang L, Mingguo Z (2004) New data on the origin of Lower Cambrian Mo-Ni-PGE black shales in Guizhou Province, south China. Abstracts of the 32nd International Geological Congress; 20-28 August 2004, Florence, part 2, pp 878 (A-198-15) - CD-ROM

Pašava J, Kříbek B, Vymazalová A , Sýkorová I, Žák K, Orberger B (2008) Multiple sources of metals of mineralization in Lower Cambrian black shales of south China: evidence from geochemical and petrographic study. Resour Geol 58: 25-42

Pi DH, Liu CQ, Shields-Zhou GA, Jiang SY (2013) Trace and rare earth element geochemistry of black shale and kerogen in the early Cambrian Niutitang Formation in Guizhou province, South China: constraints for redox environments and origin of metal enrichments. Precambr Res 225: 218-229

Piestrzynski A, Wodzicki A, Banaszak A (1996) Gold in the copper deposits of the Fore-Sudetic Monocline (SW Poland). Przegl Geol 44: 1098-1102 (in Polish)

Pieczonka J, Piestrzynski A (1997) New minerals from the red bed type precious metal deposit of the Lubin-Sieroszowice mining district, SW Poland. In: Mao J, Bierlin FP (Eds) Mineral Deposits Research: Meeting the Global Challenge. Proceedings of the 8th Biennial SGA Meeting, Beijing, Volume 2. Springer, Heidelberg, pp 1041-1044

Polekhovsky YV, Voloshin AV, Tarasova IP, Pakhomovsky YA, Kretser YL (1991) A new type of palladium bearing mineralization in metasomatic rocks of Karelia. Izv Akad Nauk SSSR, ser Geol 7: 86-95 (in Russian)

Rachmatullaev ChR (1984) Some pecularities of the distribution of Pt and Pd in rocks of the Cental Kyzylkum area. Mining J (Uzbekistan) 8: 60-63 (in Russian)

Rudashevsky NS, Rudashevsky VN (2006) Patent of Russian Federation No 2281808, invention “Hydraulic Classifier”, Moscow, August 20, 2006

Rudashevsky NS, Rudashevsky VN (2007) Patent of Russian Federation No 69418, industrial (useful) model, “Device for separation of solid particles”, Moscow, December 27, 2007

Rudashevsky NS, Knauf VV, Chernyshov NM (1995) Platinum group minerals from black shales of the Kursk magnetic anomaly. Dokl Akad Nauk 344: 91-95 (in Russian)

Rudashevsky NS, Rudashevsky VN, Lupal SD (2001a) Patent of Russian Federation No 2165300, invention “Hydraulic Classifier”, Moscow, April 20, 2001

Rudashevsky NS, Rudashevsky VN, Lupal SD (2001b) The method of separating granular materials and device for carrying out said method. Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), (16 March 2001) on the basis of Russian patent No 2165300, Moscow, April 20, 2001

Sawlowicz Z (1993) Iridium and other platinum-group elements as geochemical markers in sedimentary environments. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 104: 253-270

Steiner M, Wallis E, Erdtmann BD, Zhao YL, Yang RD (2001) Submarine-hydrothermal exhalative ore layers in black shales from South China and associated fossils: insights into a Lower Cambrian facies and bio-evolution. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 169: 165-191

Xu LG, Lehmann B, Mao JW, Qu WJ, Du AD (2011) Re-Os age of polymetallic Ni-Mo-PGE-Au mineralization in Early Cambrian black shales of South China - a reassessment. Econ Geol 106: 511-522

Journal of Geosciences, Published by © Czech Geological Society, with support from the Czech Geological Survey.
Webdesign inspired by aTeo. Hosted at the server of the Institute of Petrology and Structural Geology, Charles University, Prague.
ISSN: 1803-1943 (online), 1802-6222 (print)
email: jgeosci(at)
cover_rotated.gif, 15kB

SNIP (Scopus, 2015): 0.700

IF (ISI, 2015): 1.326

Policy: Open Access

ISSN: 1802-6222

E-ISSN: 1803-1943