Felsic diapirism beneath the high-grade terrains in the eastern Bohemian Massif - refraction tomography evidence
Unlike standard ray-based tomographies, the Depth-Recursive Tomography on Grid (DRTG) method assesses the travel-time fit at each model grid node using a regular network of refraction rays. This concept allows estimating the lateral resolution achieved in the velocity image that regards the chosen confidence levels and the strength of velocity anomalies. Recently, The DRTG has been applied to the S01 and CEL09 refraction profiles imaging major crustal structures of the Bohemian Massif in enhanced resolution. Now, similar enhanced velocity models are derived along the S04, S02 and S03 profiles mapping the Sudetic and Moldanubian regions. The S02 and S03 and the transverse CEL09 and S04 velocity sections particularly imaged the subsurface of the Moldanubian high-grade belts to the 15-20 km depth. Their common interpretation revealed the signatures of exhumation processes from upper-mantle depths assumed in this region. Particularly, the S02 and S03 sections map large volumes of high-grade metamorphic rocks forming low-velocity (LV) diapirs that are surrounded by 7000-6400 m/s high-velocity (HV) elevations. The S03 section images the coupled HV-LV-HV anomalies beneath the high-grade complexes of the Orlica-Śnieżnik Dome (OSD) and the Góry-Sowie Unit (GSU). The central gradient-free LV (5800-6000 m/s) cores of these triplets apparently correspond to the OSD or GSU felsic granulites/gneisses that ascended to supra-crustal levels.
The Bouguer anomaly map suggests that the S02 and S03 profiles intersect the felsic sheets formed along the transverse Sudetic faults. Along the western belt of Moldanubian high-grade rocks, the S02 section revealed an extensive HV body shallowly emplaced beneath the high-grade Gföhl and Ostrong assemblages. Three mid-crustal HV elevations, correlating with local magnetic anomalies, obviously represent the deep sources of this HV mafic body and indicate its autochthonous nature. Finally, the DRTG also detected a shallowly emplaced HV layer beneath the Saxonian Granulite Massif at the S04 section. The mid-crustal HV-LV-HV diapiric triplets and shallowly emplaced HV bodies are likely typical of the high-grade terrains. The observed patterns resulted from contemporaneous intrusion of mafic and, more viscous, felsic magmas during continental collision. The inferred structural features of subduction-exhumation processes are suggested to further constrain their thermo-mechanic modeling.
SNIP (Scopus, 2017): 1.120
IF (ISI, 2017): 1.415
5 YEAR IF (ISI, 2017): 1.738
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