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Received: 20 March 2021
Accepted: 28 June 2021
Online: 23 July 2021
H. Editor: J. Zachariáš
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Original paper

Jiří Sejkora, Martin Števko, Radek Škoda, Eva Víšková, Jiří Toman, Sebastián Hreus, Jakub Plášil, Zdeněk Dolníček

Dobšináite, Ca2Ca(AsO4)2·2H2O, a new member of the roselite group from Dobšiná (Slovak Republic)

Journal of Geosciences, volume 66 (2021), issue 2, 127 - 135


Dobšináite, ideally Ca2Ca(AsO4)2·2H2O, is a new supergene mineral from the Dobšiná deposit, Slovak Republic, associated with phaunouxite, picropharmacolite, erythrite-hörnesite, gypsum and aragonite. It forms white to pink clusters or polycrystalline aggregates up to 1-4 mm in size consisting of densely intergrown, slightly rounded thin tabular to platy crystals up to 0.1 mm in size. Dobšináite has a white streak, vitreous luster, does not fluoresce under either short- or long-wave ultraviolet light. Cleavage on {010} is good, the Mohs hardness is ~3, and dobšináite is brittle with an uneven fracture. The calculated density is 3.395 g/cm3. Dobšináite is optically biaxial negative, the indices of refraction are α´ = 1.601(2) and γ´ = 1.629(2) and 2Vmeas. is 60° (+/- 20°). Dobšináite is monoclinic, space group P21/c, a = 5.990(2), b = 13.013(4), c = 5.726(2) Å, β = 108.47(3)°, V = 423.3(3) Å3, Z = 2. The seven strongest lines in the X-ray powder diffraction pattern are as follows: d (Å)/I(hkl): 5.197/37(110); 3.443/38(130); 3.385/66(031); 3.249/77(040); 3.201/42(13-1); 3.026/100(121) and 2.822/60(10-2). The chemical analyses by electron microprobe yielded (in wt. %) CaO 36.74, MgO 0.89, NiO 0.37, CoO 0.51, P2O5 0.03, As2O5 52.75, SO3 0.18, H2Ocalc. 8.31, total 99.78. The resulting empirical formula on the basis of 10 O atoms per formula unit is Ca2(Ca0.84Mg0.10Co0.03Ni0.02)Σ0.99[(AsO4)1.99(SO4)0.01]Σ2.00·2H2O. Dobšináite is the Ca-dominant member of the roselite group as confirmed by stoichiometry, X-ray powder diffraction data and Raman spectroscopy. It is named after its type locality Dobšiná, Slovak Republic. Dobšináite was formed during weathering of primary Co and As-bearing ore minerals (safflorite, arsenopyrite) in a Ca enriched environment under relatively dry conditions.

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ISSN: 1802-6222

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