Journal of

GEOsciences

  (Formerly Journal of the Czech Geological Society)

Review Paper

Jana Kotková

High-pressure granulites of the Bohemian Massif: recent advances and open questions

Journal of Geosciences, volume 52 (2007), issue 1-2, 45 - 71

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3190/jgeosci.006


  Abstract References

Aftalion M, Bowes DR, Vrána S (1989) Early Carboniferous U-Pb zircon age of garnetiferous, hyperpotassic granulites, Blanský les massif, Czechoslovakia. Neu Jb Mineral, Mh 4: 145-52

Arnold A, Scharbert HG (1973) Rb-Sr-Alterbestimmungen an Granuliten der südlichen Böhmischen Masse in Österreich. Schweiz Mineral Petrogr Mitt 53: 61-78

Becker H (1996) Geochemistry of garnet peridotite massifs from Lower Austria and the composition of deep lithosphere beneath a Palaeozoic convergent plate margin. Chem Geol 134: 49-65
http://doi.org/10.1016/S0009-2541(96)00089-7

Becker H (1997) Sm-Nd garnet ages and cooling history of high-temperature garnet peridotite massifs and high-pressure granulites from Lower Austria. Contrib Mineral Petrol 127: 224-36

Behr HJ (1961) Beiträge zur petrographischen und tektonischen Analyse des sächsischen Granulitgebirges (mit Anlagenmasse). Freib Forschungsh C 119: 1-146

Behr HJ (1978) Subfluenz-Prozesse im Grundgebirges-Stockwerk Mitteleuropas. Z Dtsch Geol Ges 129: 283-318

Behr H, den Tex E, De Waard D, Mehnert K-H, Scharbert HG, Sobolev VS (1971) Granulites-Results of a discussion I. Neu Jb Mineral, Mh: 97-123

Blümel P, Bues C (1995) Exkursion 6: Westrand der Böhmischen Masse: Ostbayrisches Moldanubikum - Gabbroamphibolitmasse von Neukirchen b Hl Blut, SW-Ecke des Bohemikums. Exkursionsführer und Veröffentlichungen 195, Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften e.V. pp 198-210

Bohlen SR (1987) Pressure-temperature-time paths and a tectonic model for the evolution of granulites. J Geol 95: 617-632
http://doi.org/10.1086/629159

Carswell DA (1991) Variscan high P-T metamorphism and uplift history in the Moldanubian Zone of the Bohemian Massif in Lower Austria. Eur J Mineral 3: 323-342

Carswell DA, O'Brien PJ (1993) Thermobarometry and geotectonic significance of high-pressure granulites: examples from the Moldanubian zone of the Bohemian Massif in Lower Austria. J Petrol 34: 427-459
http://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/34.3.427

Chemenda IA, Mattauer M, Malavielle J, Bokun AN (1995) A mechanism for syn-collisional exhumation and associated normal faulting: results from physical modelling. Earth Planet Sci Lett 132: 225-232
http://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821X(95)00042-B

Cooke RA (2000) High-pressure/temperature metamorphism in the St. Leonhard Granulite Massif, Austria: evidence from intermediate pyroxene-bearing granulites. Int J Earth Sci 89: 631-651
http://doi.org/10.1007/s005310000123

Cooke RA, O'Brien PJ (2001) Resolving the relationship between high P-T rocks and gneisses in collisional terranes: an example from the Gföhl gneiss-granulite association in the Moldanubian Zone, Austria. Lithos 58: 33-54
http://doi.org/10.1016/S0024-4937(01)00049-4

Cooke RA, O'Brien PJ, Carswell DA (2000) Garnet zoning and the identification of equilibrium mineral compositions in high-pressure-temperature granulites from the Moldanubian Zone, Austria. J Metamorphic Geol 18: 551-569
http://doi.org/10.1046/j.1525-1314.2000.00273.x

Cox KG, Bell J D, Pankhurst RJ (1979) The Interpretation of Igneous Rocks. George Allen & Unwin, London, pp 1-450

Čopjaková R, Sulovský P, Paterson BA (2005) Major and trace elements in pyrope-almandine garnets as sediment provenance indicators of the Lower Carboniferous Culm sediments, Drahany Uplands, Bohemian Massif. Lithos 82: 51-70
http://doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2004.12.006

DEKORP and Orogenic Processes Working Groups (1999) Structure of the Saxonian Granulites: Geological and geophysical constraints on the exhumation of high-pressure/high-temperature rocks in the mid-European Variscan belt. Tectonics 18: 756-773
http://doi.org/10.1029/1999TC900030

Dodson MH (1973) Closure temperature in cooling geochronological and petrological systems. Contrib Mineral Petrol 40: 259-274
http://doi.org/10.1007/BF00373790

Fediuková E (1965) Ultrabasic xenoliths in the granulite at Mt. Kleť near Český Krumlov. Acta Univ Carol, Geol 3: 189-202

Fediuková E. (1971) Andalusite in granulites of the Bohemian Massif. Tschermaks Mineral Petrogr Mitt 15: 249-267
http://doi.org/10.1007/BF01082983

Fiala J, Matějovská O, Vaňková V (1987) Moldanubian granulites and related rocks: petrology, geochemistry, and radioactivity. Rozpr Česk Akad Věd Mat Nat Sci Ser 97: 1-102

Finger F, Clemens J (1995) Migmatization and ´secondary´ granitic magmas: effects of emplacement and crystallization of ´primary´ granitoids in South Bohemia, Austria. Contrib Mineral Petrol 120: 311-326
http://doi.org/10.1007/BF00306510

Fišera M, Kotková J (eds) (1992) International workshop High Pressure Granulites - Lower Crustal Metamorphism"". June 27-July 5, 1992, Rohanov, Czechoslovakia. Abstract volume. Czech Geological Survey, Prague, pp 1-22. "

Franěk J, Schulmann K, Lexa O (2006) Kinematic and rheological model of exhumation of high pressure granulites in the Variscan orogenic root: example of the Blanský les granulite, Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic. Mineral Petrol 86: 253-276
http://doi.org/10.1007/s00710-005-0114-4

Franke W (1984) Variszischer Deckenbau im Raume der Münchberger Gneismasse - abgeleitet aus der Fazies, Deformation und Metamorphose im umgebended Paläozoikum. Geotekton Forsch 68: 1-253

Franke W (2000) The mid-European segment of the Variscides: tectonostratigraphic units, terrane boundaries and kinematic evolution. In: Franke W, Haak V, Oncken O, Tanner D (eds) Orogenic processes: Quantification and Modelling in the Variscan Belt. Geol Soc Lond Spec Publ 179: 35-63
http://doi.org/10.1144/GSL.SP.2000.179.01.05

Friedl G, Cooke R, Finger F, McNaughton NJ, Fletcher A (2003) U-Pb SHRIMP dating and trace element investigations on multiple zoned zircons from a South-Bohemian granulite. J Czech Geol Soc 48: 51-52
Local link

Friedl G, Finger F, Paquette JL, von Quadt A, McNaughton NJ, Fletcher IR (2004) Pre-Variscan geological events in the Austrian part of the Bohemian Massif deduced from U/Pb zircon ages. Int J Earth Sci 93: 802-823
http://doi.org/10.1007/s00531-004-0420-9

Fuchs G, Matura A (1976) Zur Geologie des Kristallins der südlischen Böhmischen Masse. Jb Geol B-A 119: 1-43

Gayk T, Kleinschrodt R, Langosch A., Seidel E (1995) Quartz exsolution in clinopyroxenes of high-pressure granulites from the Münchberg massif. Eur J Mineral 7: 1217-1220

Gordon SM, Schneider DA, Manecki M, Holm DK (2005) Exhumation and metamorphism of an ultrahigh-grade terrane: geochronometric investigations of the Sudete Mountains (Bohemia), Poland and Czech Republic. J Geol Soc London 162: 841-855
http://doi.org/10.1144/0016-764904-078

Green DH, Lambert IB (1965) Experimental crystallization of anhydrous granite at high pressures and temperatures. J Geophys Res 70: 5259-5268
http://doi.org/10.1029/JZ070i020p05259

Green DH, Ringwood AE (1967) An experimental investigation of gabbro to eclogite transformation and its petrological applications. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 31: 767-833
http://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7037(67)80031-0

Grew ES (1986) Petrogenesis of kornerupine at Waldheim (Sachsen), German Democratic Republic. Z Geol Wiss 14: 525-558

Grew E.S. (1989) A second occurrence of kornerupine in Waldheim, Saxony, German Democratic Republic. Z Geol Wiss 17: 67-76

Gürtlerová P. et al. (1997) Database of analytical determinations on maps of rock geochemical reactivity 1: 50 000. In: Lithogeochemical Database of the Czech Geological Survey, Prague.

Harley SL (1989) The origins of granulites: a metamorphic perspective. Geol Mag 126: 215-247
http://doi.org/10.1017/S0016756800022330

Holland TJB (1980) The reaction albite = jadeite + quartz determined experimentally in the range 600-1200 C. Am Mineral 65: 129-134

Jakeš P (1969) Distribution of the granulites within the Bohemian Massif and their petrological features. Spec Publ Geol Soc Aust 2: 269-277

Jakeš P (1997) Melting in high-P region - case of Bohemian granulites. Acta Univ Carol Geol 41: 113-125

Janoušek V (ed) (2004) International Workshop on Petrogenesis of Granulites and Related Rocks, Náměšť nad Oslavou, October 1-3, 2004. Excursion Guide & Abstract Volume. Moravian Museum, Brno, pp 1-72

Janoušek V, Holub F V (2007) The causal link between HP-HT metamorphism and ultrapotassic magmatism in collisional orogens: case study from the Moldanubian Zone of the Bohemian Massif. Proc Geol Assoc 118: 75-86
http://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7878(07)80049-6

Janoušek V, Finger F, Roberts MP, Frýda J, Pin C, Dolejš D (2004) Deciphering petrogenesis of deeply buried granites: whole-rock geochemical constraints on the origin of largely undepleted felsic granulites from the Moldanubian Zone of the Bohemian Massif. Trans Royal Soc Edin Earth Sci 95: 141-159
http://doi.org/10.1017/S0263593304000148

Janoušek V, Farrow C M, Erban V (2006a) Interpretation of whole-rock geochemical data in igneous geochemistry: introducing Geochemical Data Toolkit (GCDkit). J Petrol 47: 1255-1259
http://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egl013

Janoušek V, Gerdes A, Vrána S, Finger F, Erban V, Friedl G, Braithwaite CJR (2006b) Low-pressure granulites of the Lišov Massif, southern Bohemia: Viséan metamorphism of Late Devonian plutonic arc rocks. J Petrol 47: 705-744
http://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egi091

Klemd R, Bröcker M (1999) Fluid influence on mineral reactions in ultrahigh-pressure granulites: a case study in the Snieznik Mts. (West Sudetes, Poland). Contrib Mineral Petrol 136: 358-373
http://doi.org/10.1007/s004100050544

Klötzli UF, Koller F, Scharbert S, Höck V (2000) Cadomian lower-crustal contributions to Variscan granite petrogenesis (South Bohemian Pluton, Austria): constraints from zircon typology and geochronology, whole-rock, and feldspar Pb-Sr isotope systematics. J Petrol 43: 1783-1786
http://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/43.9.1783

Kodym O (1972) Multiphase deformation of the Blanský les Granulite Massif (southern Bohemia). Krystalinikum 9: 91-105

Kodym O, Jakeš P, Schovánek P (1978) Granulite und ultramafische Gesteine aus der Strukturbohrung Holubov. Sbor geol Věd, Geol. 32: 7-47

Konopásek J, Schulmann K (2005) Contrasting Early Carboniferous field geotherms: evidence for accretion of a thickened orogenic root and subducted Saxothuringian crust (Central European Variscides). J Geol Soc London 162: 463-470
http://doi.org/10.1144/0016-764904-004

Kotková J (1993) Tectonometamorphic history of lower crust in the Bohemian Massif - example of north Bohemian granulites. Spec Pap Czech Geol Survey 2: pp 1-42

Kotková J (1995): Contrasting exhumation mechanism of Bohemian Massif granulite bodies. Terra Abstracts 7: 122.

Kotková J (1998a) Garnet-bearing mafic granulites from the Lišov Granulite Massif. Geolines 6: 37

Kotková J (1998b) Garnet-pyroxene-bearing granulites from the Lišov Granulite Massif. MS, Czech Geological Survey, Prague, pp 1-24 (in Czech)

Kotková J, Harley SL (1999) Formation and evolution of HP leucogranulites: experimental constraints and unresolved issues. Phys Chem Earth (A) 24: 299-304
http://doi.org/10.1016/S1464-1895(99)00033-2

Kotková J, Kröner A, Todt W, Fiala J. (1996) Lower Carboniferous high-pressure event in the Bohemian Massif: evidence from North Bohemian granulites. Geol Rundsch 85: 154-161
http://doi.org/10.1007/s005310050064

Kotková J, Harley SL, Fišera M (1997) A vestige of very high-pressure (ca. 28 kbar) metamorphism in the Variscan Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic. Eur J Mineral 9: 1017-1033

Kotková J, Gerdes A, Parrish R, Novák M. (2007) U-Pb chronology of clasts of exotic high-grade rocks within Upper Visean conglomerates, Variscan belt, Central Europe. J Metamorphic Geol, accepted
http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1314.2007.00730.x

Krawczyk CM, Stein E, Choi S, Oettinger G, Schuster K, Götze H-J, Haak V, Oncken O, Prodehl C, Schulze A (2000) Geophysical constraints on exhumation mechanisms of high-pressure rocks: the Saxo-Thuringian case between the Franconian Line and Elbe Zone. In: Franke W, Haak V, Oncken O, Tanner D (eds) Orogenic Processes: Quantification and Modeling in the Variscan Belt. Geol Soc London Spec Publ 179: 303-322
http://doi.org/10.1144/GSL.SP.2000.179.01.18

Kröner A, Willner A (1998) Time of formation and peak of Variscan HP-HT metamorphism of quartz-feldspar rocks in the central Erzgebirge, Saxony, Germany Contrib Mineral Petrol 132: 1-20
http://doi.org/10.1007/s004100050401

Kröner A, Wendt I, Liew TC, Compston W, Todt W, Fiala J, Vaňková V, Vaněk J (1988) U-Pb zircon and Sm-Nd model ages of high-grade Moldanubian metasediments, Bohemian Massif, Czechoslovakia. Contrib Mineral Petrol 99: 257-266
http://doi.org/10.1007/BF00371466

Kröner A, O'Brien PJ, Nemchin AA, Pidgeon RT (2000) Zircon ages for high pressure granulites from South Bohemia, Czech Republic, and their connection to Carboniferous high temperature processes. Contrib Mineral Petrol 138: 127-42
http://doi.org/10.1007/s004100050013

Kryza R, Pin C, Vielzeuf D (1996) High-pressure granulites from the Sudetes (south-west Poland): Evidence of crustal subduction and collisional thickening in the Variscan Belt. J Metamorphic Geol 14: 531-546
http://doi.org/10.1046/j.1525-1314.1996.03710.x

Lange U, Bröcker M, Armstrong R, Trapp E, Mezger K (2005) Sm-Nd and U-Pb dating of high-pressure granulites from the Zlote and Rychleby Mts (Bohemian Massif, Poland and Czech Republic). J Metamorphic Geol 23: 133-145
http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1314.2005.00566.x

Massonne HJ (2001) First find of coesite in the ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic region of the Central Erzgebirge, Germany. Eur J Mineral 13: 565-570
http://doi.org/10.1127/0935-1221/2001/0013-0565

Massonne HJ (2006) Early metamorphic evolution and exhumation of felsic high-pressure granulite from the north-western Bohemian Massif. Mineral Petrol 86: 177-202
http://doi.org/10.1007/s00710-005-0109-1

Matte P, Maluski H, Rajlich P, Franke W (1990) Terrane boundaries in the Bohemian Massif: Result of large-scale Variscan shearing. Tectonophysics 177: 151-170
http://doi.org/10.1016/0040-1951(90)90279-H

Matte P (1998) Continental subduction and exhumation of HP rocks in Palaeozoic orogenic belts: Uralides and Variscides. Geologiska Föreningens I Stockhol Förhandlingar 120: 209-222

Medaris LG, Beard BL, Johnson CM, Halley JW, Spicuzza MJ, Jelínek E, Mísař Z (1995) Garnet pyroxenite and eclogite in the Bohemian Massif - geochemical evidence for Variscan recycling of subducted lithosphere. Geol Rundsch 84: 489-505
http://doi.org/10.1007/s005310050020

Medaris LG, Wang H, Jelínek E, Mihaljevič M, Jakeš P (2005) Characteristics and origins of diverse Variscan peridotites in the Gföhl Nappe, Bohemian Massif. Lithos 82: 1-23
http://doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2004.12.004

Medaris LG, Beard B, Jelínek E (2006) Mantle-derived UHP pyroxenite and eclogite in the Moldanubian Gföhl Nappe, Bohemian Massif: a geochemical review, new P-T determinations, and tectonic interpretation. Int Geol Review 48: 765-777
http://doi.org/10.2747/0020-6814.48.9.765

Mehnert KR (1972) Granulites - Results of a discussion II. Neu Jb Mineral, Mh: 139-150

Mezger K (1990) Geochronology in granulites. In Vielzeuf D, Pin C (eds) Granulites and Crustal Evolution. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp. 451-470

Nasdala L, Massonne HJ (2000) Microdiamonds from Saxonian Erzgebirge, Germany: in situ micro-Raman characterisation. Eur J Mineral 12: 495-498

Newton RC, Haselton HT (1981) Thermodynamics of the garnet-plagioclase-Al2SiO5-quartz geobarometer. In: Newton RC, Navrotsky A, Wood BJ (eds) Thermodynamics of Minerals and Melts. Springer-Verlag, New York, pp 131-147

Novák M, Povondra P (1984) Wagnerite from Skřinářov, central Czechoslovakia. Neu Jb Mineral, Mh 536-542

O’Brien PJ (1999) Asymmetric zoning profiles in garnet from HP-HT granulite and implications for volume and grain-boundary diffusion. Min Mag 63: 227-238
http://doi.org/10.1180/002646199548457

O’Brien PJ (in review) Challenges in high-pressure granulite metamorphism: reaction textures, compositional zoning, ages and tectonic interpretation with examples from the Bohemian Massif. J Metamorphic Geol

O'Brien PJ (2006) Type-locality granulites: high-pressure rocks formed at eclogite-facies conditions. Mineral Petrol 86: 161-175
http://doi.org/10.1007/s00710-005-0108-2

O'Brien PJ, Rötzler J (2003) High-pressure granulites: formation, recovery of peak conditions and implications for tectonics. J Metamorphic Geol 21: 3-20
http://doi.org/10.1046/j.1525-1314.2003.00420.x

O’Brien PJ, Kröner A, Jaeckel P, Hegner E, Zelazniewicz A, Kryza R (1997) Petrological and isotopic studies on Palaeozoic high-pressure granulites, Gory Sowie Mts, Polish Sudetes. J Petrol 38: 433-456
http://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/38.4.433

Opletal M, Vrána S (1989) Charnockite xenoliths in the Tertiary volcanites of the České středohoří Mts., northern Bohemia. Sbor geol Věd, Geol 44: 51-78

O´Hara MJ, Richardson SW, Wilson G (1971) Garnet-peridotite stability and occurrence in crust and mantle. Contrib Mineral Petrol 32: 48-68
http://doi.org/10.1007/BF00372233

Owen JV, Dostal J (1996a) Contrasting corona structures in mafic granulite from the Blanský Les complex, Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic. Canad Mineral 34: 959-966

Owen JV, Dostal J (1996b) Prograde metamorphism and decompression of the Gföhl gneiss, Czech Republic. Lithos 38: 259-270
http://doi.org/10.1016/0024-4937(96)00015-1

Petrakakis K (1997) Evolution of Moldanubian rocks in Austria: review and synthesis. J Metamorphic Geol 15: 203-222
http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1314.1997.00015.x

Pidgeon RT, Bowes DR (1972) U-Pb ages of granulite from the Central Region of the Lewisian, northwestern Scotland. Geol Mag 109: 247-258
http://doi.org/10.1017/S0016756800039297

Pin C, Vielzeuf D (1983) Granulites and related rocks in Variscan Median Europe: a dualistic interpretation. Tectonophysics 93: 47-74
http://doi.org/10.1016/0040-1951(83)90233-0

Pin C, Vielzeuf D (1988) Les granulites de haute-pression d’Europe moyenne temoins d’une subduction eo-hercynienne; implications sur l’origine des groupes leptyno-amphiboliques. Bull Soc Géol Fr 4: 13-20

Prince CI, Košler J, Vance D, Günter D (2000) Comparison of laser ablation ICP-MS and isotope dilution REE analyses - implications for Sm-Nd garnet geochronology. Chem Geol 168: 255-274
http://doi.org/10.1016/S0009-2541(00)00203-5

Racek M, Štípská P, Pitra P, Schulmann K, Lexa O (2006) Metamorphic record of burial and exhumation of orogenic lower and middle crust: a new tectonothermal model for the Drosendorf window (Bohemian Massif, Austria). Mineral Petrol 86: 221-251
http://doi.org/10.1007/s00710-005-0111-7

Roberts MP, Finger F (1997) Do U-Pb zircon ages from granulites reflect peak metamorphic conditions? Geology 25: 319-22
http://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1997)025<0319:DUPZAF>2.3.CO;2

Romer RL, Rötzler J (2001) P-T-t evolution of ultrahigh-temperature granulites from the Saxon Granulite Massif, Germany. Part II: Geochronology. J Petrol 42: 2015-32
http://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/42.11.2015

Rötzler J, Romer RL (2001) P-T-t evolution of ultrahigh-temperature granulites from the Saxon Granulite Massif, Germany. Part I: Petrology. J Petrol 42: 1995-2013
http://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/42.11.1995

Scharbert HG (1964) Die Granulite des südlichen niederösterreichischen Moldanubikums. Neu Jb Mineral Abh 101: 210-232

Scharbert HG (1971) Cyanit und Sillimanit in moldanubischen Granuliten. Tschermaks Mineral Petrogr Mitt 16: 252-267
http://doi.org/10.1007/BF01081152

Scharbert HG, Kurat G (1974) Distribution of some elements between coexisting ferromagnesian minerals in Moldanubian granulite facies rocks, Lower Austria, Austria. Tschermaks Mineral Petrogr Mitt 42: 110-134
http://doi.org/10.1007/BF01081263

Schenk V, Todt W (1983) U-Pb Datierungen an Zirkon und Monazit der Granulite im Moldanubikum Niederösterreichs (Waldviertel). Fortschr Mineral 61: 190-191

Schreyer W (1985) Metamorphism of crustal rocks at mantle depths: High-pressure minerals and mineral assemblages in metapelites. Fortschr Mineral 63: 227-261

Schreyer W, Abraham K, Behr HJ (1975) Sapphirine and associated minerals from the kornerupine rock of Waldheim, Saxony. Neu Jb Mineral, Abh 126: 1-27

Schulmann K, Kröner A, Hegner E, Wendt I, Konopásek J, Lexa O, Štípská P (2005) Chronological constraints on the pre-orogenic history of deep-seated rocks along the eastern margin of the Variscan orogen, Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic. Amer J Sci 305: 407-448
http://doi.org/10.2475/ajs.305.5.407

Sláma J, Košler J, Schaltegger U, Tubrett M, Gutjahr M (2006) New natural zircon standard for laser ablation ICP-MS U-Pb geochronology. 2006 Winter Conference on Plasma Spectrochemistry, Tucson, Arizona, January 8-14, 2006. ICP Information Newsletter 31: 187-188

Spear FS (1993) Metamorphic phase equilibria and pressure-temperature-time paths. Mineralogical Society of America, Michigan, pp 1-779

Staňková J (1982) „Dist-sillimanite“: its importance for assessment of polyphase metamorphism in the leptynite body near Bory, Czechoslovakia. Krystalinikum 16: 53-66

Suess FE (1926) Intrusionstektonik und Wandertektonik im variszischen Grundgebirge. Bornträger, Berlin.

Svojtka M, Košler J, Venera Z (2002) Dating granulite-facies structures and the exhumation of lower crust in the Moldanubian Zone of the Bohemian Massif. Int J Earth Sci 91: 373-385
http://doi.org/10.1007/s00531-001-0230-2

Synek J, Oliveriová D (1993) Terrane character of the north-east margin of the Moldanubian Zone: the Kutná Hora Crystalline Complex, Bohemian Massif. Geol Rundsch 82: 566-582
http://doi.org/10.1007/BF00212417

Štelcl J (1960) Petrography of Culm conglomerates of the southern part of the Drahany Upland (in Czech). Fol Uni Purkyn Brunen Geol 1: 1-103

Štípská P, Powell R (2005) Does ternary feldspar constrain the metamorphic conditions of high-grade meta-igneous rocks? Evidence from orthopyroxene granulites, Bohemian Massif. J Metamorphic Geol 23: 627-647
http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1314.2005.00600.x

Štípská P, Schulmann K, Kröner A (2004) Vertical extrusion and middle crustal spreading of omphacite granulite: a model of syn-convergent exhumation (Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic). J Metamorphic Geol 22: 179-198
http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1314.2004.00508.x

Tajčmanová L, Konopásek J, Schulmann K (2006a) Thermal evolution of the orogenic lower crust during exhumation within a thickened Moldanubian root of the Variscan belt of Central Europe. J Metamorphic Geol 24: 119-134
http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1314.2006.00629.x

Tajčmanová L, Konopásek J, Connolly AD (2006b) Diffusion-controlled development of silica-undersaturated domains in felsic granulites of the Bohemian Massif (Variscan belt of Central Europe). Contrib Mineral Petrol 153: 237-250
http://doi.org/10.1007/s00410-006-0143-y

Tichomirowa M, Whitehouse MJ, Nasdala L (2005) Resorption, growth, solid state recrystallisation, and annealing of granulite facies zircon - a case study from the Central Erzgebirge, Bohemian Massif. Lithos 82: 25-50
http://doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2004.12.005

Tollmann A (1982) Grossraumiger variszischer Deckenbau im Moldanubikum und neue Gedanken zum Variszikum Europas. Geotekt Forsch 64: 1-91

Tollmann A (1995) Das Ausmass des variszischer Deckbaues im Moldanubikum. Krystalinikum 18: 117-32

Tropper P, Konzett Y, Finger F (2005) Experimental constraints on the formation of high-P/high-T granulites in the Southern Bohemian Massif. Eur J Mineral 17: 343-356
http://doi.org/10.1127/0935-1221/2005/0017-0343

van Breemen O, Aftalion M, Bowes DR, Dudek A, Mísař Z, Povondra P, Vrána S (1982) Geochronological studies of the Bohemian Massif, Czechoslovakia, and their significance in the evolution of Central Europe. Trans R Soc Edinb Earth Sci 73: 89-108

Vellmer C (1992) Stoffbestand und Petrogenese von Granuliten und granitischen Gesteinen der südlichen Böhmischen Masse in Niederösterreich. Unpublished PhD. thesis, Georg-August-Universität, Göttingen, pp 1-111

von Justi JHG (1754) Nachricht von einer neuen Art eines neues Halbedelgesteines so kürtzlich in Mähren entdeckt worden. Neue Wahrheiten zumVorteil der Naturkunde und des gesellschaftlichen Leben der Menchen 1.

Vielzeuf D, Pin C (1989) Geodynamic implications of granulitic rocks in the Hercynian belt. In: Daly JS, Cliff RA, Yardley BWD (eds) Evolution of Metamorphic Belts. Geol Soc London Spec Publ 43: 343-348
http://doi.org/10.1144/GSL.SP.1989.043.01.29

Vrána S (1979) Polyphase shear folding and thrusting in the Moldanubicum of southern Bohemia. Věst Ústř Úst Geol 62: 193-206

Vrána S (1987) Garnet-fassaitic pyroxene skarn from the granulite complex of southern Bohemia. Bull Czech Geol Surv 62: 193-206

Vrána S (1989) Perpotassic granulites from southern Bohemia - a new rock type derived from partial melting of crustal rocks under upper mantle conditions. Contrib Mineral Petrol 103: 510-522
http://doi.org/10.1007/BF01041756

Vrána S (1992a) Lom pod Libínem - quarry. In Fiala J, Fišera M, Jelínek E, Slabý J, Vrána S (eds) Excursion Guide, International workshop High-pressure Granulites - Lower Crustal Metamorphism, June 27-July 5, 1992, Rohanov, Czechoslovakia. Czech Geological Survey, Prague, pp 7-8.

Vrána S (1992b) The Moldanubian Zone in southern Bohemia: Polyphase evolution of imbricated crustal and upper mantle segments. In: Kukal Z (ed) Proceedings of the m1st International Conference on the Bohemian Massif, Prague, September 26-October 3, 1988, pp 331-335

Vrána S (1997) Geology and petrology of the Moldanubian Zone. Tectonics of the Moldanubian Zone. In: Vrána S, Štědrá V (eds) Geological model of the western Bohemia related to the KTB borehole in Germany. Sbor Geol Věd 47: pp. 109-123

Vrána S, Frýda J (2003) Ultrahigh-pressure grossular-rich garnetite from the Moldanubian Zone, Czech Republic. Eur J Mineral 15: 43-54
http://doi.org/10.1127/0935-1221/2003/0015-0043

Vrána S, Jakeš P (1982) Orthopyroxene and two-pyroxene granulites from a segment of charnockitic crust in southern Bohemia. Bull Czech Geol Surv 57: 129-143

Vrána S, Novák M (2000) Petrology and geochemistry of granulite clasts in the Visean Luleč conglomerate, Kulm in central Moravia, Czech Republic. Bull Czech Geol Surv 75: 405-413

Vrána S, Šrámek J (1999) Geological interpretation of detailed gravity survey of the granulite complex in southern Bohemia and its structure. Bull Czech Geol Surv 74: 261-277

Vrána S, Štědrá V, Fišera M (2005) Petrology and geochemistry of the Běstvina granulite body metamorphosed at eclogite facies conditions, Bohemian Massif. J Czech Geol Soc 50: 81-94
http://doi.org/10.3190/jcgs.980

Weiss CS (1803) Über die Gebirgsart des sächsischen Erzgebirges, welche unter dem Namen Weiss-Stein neuerlich bekannt gemacht worden ist. Neue Schriften Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde 4: 342-366

Wendt JI, Kröner A, Fiala J, Todt W (1994) U-Pb zircon and Sm-Nd dating of Moldanubian HP/HT granulites from south Bohemia, Czech Republic. J Geol Soc London 151: 83-90
http://doi.org/10.1144/gsjgs.151.1.0083

Willner AP, Rötzler K, Maresch WV (1997) Pressure-temperature and fluid evolution of quartzo-feldspathic metamorphic rocks with a relic high-pressure, granulite-facies history from the Central Erzgebirge (Saxony, Germany). J Petrol 38: 307-336
http://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/38.3.307

Willner AP, Krohe A, Maresch WV (2000) Interrelated P-T-t-d paths in the Variscan Erzgebirge Dome (Saxony, Germany): Constraints on the rapid exhumation of high-pressure rocks form the root zone of a collisional orogen. Int Geol Rev 42: 64-85
http://doi.org/10.1080/00206810009465070

Willner AP, Sebazungu E, Gerya TV, Maresch WV, Krohe A (2002) Numerical modelling of PT-paths related to rapid exhumation of high-pressure rocks from the crustal root in the Variscan Erzgebirge Dome (Saxony/Germany). J Geodyn 33: 281-314
http://doi.org/10.1016/S0264-3707(01)00071-0

Winkler HGF (1976) Petrogenesis of Metamorphic Rocks. Springer-Verlag, New York, pp 1-334

Zack T, Moraes R, Kronz A (2004) Temperature dependence of Zr in rutile: empirical calibration of a rutile thermometer. Contrib Mineral Petrol 148: 471-488
http://doi.org/10.1007/s00410-004-0617-8

Zoubek V (1946) Remarks to the question of skarns, granulites and south Bohemian graphite deposits. Contributions to stratigraphy of the crystalline of the Bohemian Massif II. Sb St geol Úst Čsl Repub 13: 483-498 (in Czech)

Zoubek V, Fiala J, Vaňková V, Machart J, Stettner G (1988) Moldanubian Region. In: Zoubek V, Cogné J, Kozhoukharov D, Kräutner HG (eds) Precambrian in Younger Fold Belts, European Variscides, the Carpathians and Balkans. J. Wiley and Sons, Chichester, pp 183-267

Zulauf G, Dörr W, Fiala J, Kotková J, Maluski H, Valverde-Vaquero P (2002) Evidence for high-temperature diffusional creep preserved by rapid cooling of lower crust (North Bohemian shear zone, Czech Republic). Terra Nova 14: 343-354
http://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3121.2002.00424.x

Journal of Geosciences, Published by © Czech Geological Society, with support from the Czech Geological Survey.
Webdesign inspired by aTeo. Hosted at the server of the Institute of Petrology and Structural Geology, Charles University, Prague.
ISSN: 1803-1943 (online), 1802-6222 (print)
email: jgeosci(at)jgeosci.org
cover_rotated.gif, 15kB

SNIP (Scopus, 2015): 0.700

IF (ISI, 2015): 1.326

Policy: Open Access

ISSN: 1802-6222

E-ISSN: 1803-1943