Journal of


  (Formerly Journal of the Czech Geological Society)

Original Paper

Jiří Sedlák, Ivan Gnojek, Kryštof Verner, Jan Franěk, Stanislav Zabadal, Klaus Motschka, Jiří Slovák

Geophysical and structural pattern of the Knížecí Stolec pluton and its host rocks in the south-western part of the Moldanubian Zone, Bohemian Massif

Journal of Geosciences, volume 56 (2011), issue 2, 143 - 162


A detailed airborne magnetic and gamma-ray spectrometric as well as ground gravity survey in the south-western part of the Moldanubian Zone (Bohemian Massif) provided detailed geophysical characteristics of the principal geological units and large-scale tectonic features. The Knížecí Stolec durbachitic pluton with high contents of natural radioactive elements (Th, U and K) represents a body with no magnetically anomalous response but a pronounced positive gravity anomaly. The Křišťanov granulite massif, which is a host rock of the Knížecí Stolec pluton, exhibits low concentrations of Th and U, high abundances of K, slight magnetic and a negative gravity anomalies. The Plechý composite pluton is characterized by strikingly low gravity and an extremely monotonous magnetic field. One of its petrographic varieties (the Třístoličník granite) is enriched in natural radioactive elements, especially in Th and U. Metamorphic complexes of the Monotonous and Varied groups contain multiple magnetic anomalies mostly related to the intercalated metabasic rocks; they also cause positive gravity anomalies.
The Linsser density boundaries at a depth of 0.5 km clearly delimit the Plechý composite pluton and the Lhenice zone and indicate several structurally and/or lithologically different domains within the Křišťanov granulite massif and in the Knížecí Stolec pluton. The 2.5D gravity model indicates an asymmetric shape of the Knížecí Stolec pluton, which is deepest in its SE part (at least 4 km). The joint interpretation of the geophysical and structural data revealed that the maximum depth of the pluton is c. 4.5 km, with gently to moderately dipping intrusive contacts in the north and subvertical orientation in the south. The asymmetric shape of the pluton is consistent with its inferred syn-tectonic emplacement coeval with the regional subvertical contraction and development of regional flat-lying fabric. The gravity model combined with structural analyses also implies a considerable depth of the south Bohemian granulite massifs. This indicates their steep exhumation path and is at variance with the model of the Moldanubian Zone as a sequence of flat-lying nappes. The south-western part of the studied area is reworked by the NE-directed compression, referred to as the ‛Bavarian’ deformation phase.

Journal of Geosciences, Published by © Czech Geological Society, with support from the Czech Geological Survey.
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