Journal of


  (Formerly Journal of the Czech Geological Society)

Original Paper

Jaromír Ulrych, Jiří Adamovič, Lukáš Krmíček, Lukáš Ackerman, Kadosha Balogh

Revision of Scheumann’s classification of melilitic lamprophyres and related melilitic rocks in light of new analytical data

Journal of Geosciences, volume 59 (2014), issue 1, 3 - 22


  Abstract References Map Affiliations

Abratis M, Munsel D, Viereck-Götte L (2009) Melilithite und Melilith-führende Magmatite des sächsischen Vogtlands: Petrographie und Mineralchemie. Z geol Wiss 37: 41-79

Adamovič J, Coubal M (1999) Intrusive geometries and Cenozoic stress history of the northern part of the Bohemian Massif. Geolines 9: 5-14

Alibert C, Leterrier R, Albarede F (1983) The transition from alkali basalts to kimberlites: Isotope and trace element evidence from melilitites. Contrib Mineral Petrol 82: 176-186

Babuška V, Plomerová J (2010) Mantle lithosphere control of crustal tectonics and magmatism of the western Ohře (Eger) Rift. J Geosci 55: 171-186
Local link

Bailey K, Lloyd F, Kearns S, Stoppa F, Eby N, Woolley A (2005) Melilitite at Fort Portal, Uganda: another dimension to the carbonate volcanism. Lithos 85: 15-25

Balogh K (1985) K/Ar dating of Neogene volcanic activity in Hungary. Experimental technique, experience and methods of chronological studies. Unpublished Report ATOMKI Report D/1, Debrecen, pp 277-278

Barbieri M, Ghiara MR, Stanzione D, Viklar LM, Pezzuti NE, Segal SJ (1997) Trace-element and isotope constraints on the origin of ultramafic lamprophyres from Los Alisos (Sierra Subandinas, Northern Argentina). J South Amer Earth Sci 10: 39-47

Beard AD, Downes H, Hegner E, Sablukov SM, Vetrin VR, Balogh K (1998) Mineralogy and geochemistry of Devonian ultramafic minor intrusions of the southern Kola Peninsula, Russia: implication for the petrogenesis of kimberlites and melilitites. Contrib Mineral Petrol 130: 288-303

Bernstein S, Leslie AG, Higgins AK, Brooks CK (2000) Tertiary alkaline basic volcanics in the Nunatak Region, North-East Greenland: new discoveries and their similarities to the maymechites of Siberia. Lithos 53: 1-20

Boynton WV (1984) Cosmochemistry of the rare earth elements: meteorite studies. In: Henderson P (ed) Rare Earth Element Geochemistry. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 63-114

Brey G (1978) Origin of olivine melilitites - chemical and experimental constraints. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 3: 61-88

Chauvel C, Hofmann AW, Vidal P (1992) HIMU-EM: the French Polynesian connection. Earth Planet Sci Lett 110: 99-119

Dasgupta R, Hirschmann MM, Smith ND (2007) Partial melting experiments of peridotite + CO2 at 3 GPa and genesis of ocean islands basalts. J Petrol 47: 647-671

Dawson JB, Smith JV, Jones AP (1985) A comparative study of bulk rock and mineral chemistry of olivine melilitites and associated rocks from East and South Africa. Neu Jb Mineral, Abh 152: 143-175

Di Batistini G, Montanini A, Vernia L, Venturelli G, Tonarini S (2001) Petrology of melilite-bearing rocks from Montefiascone Volcanic Complex (Roman Magmatic Province): new insight into the ultrapotassic volcanism of Central Italy. Lithos 59: 1-24

Dunworth EA, Wilson M (1998) Olivine melilitites of the SW German Tertiary volcanic province: mineralogy and petrogenesis. J Petrol 39: 1805-1836

Eckermann H von (1961) The petrogenesis of the Alnö alkaline rocks. Bull Geol Inst Univ Uppsala 40: 25-36

Egorov LS (1970) Carbonatites and ultrabasic-alkaline rocks of the Maimecha-Kotui region, N. Siberia. Lithos 3: 341-359

Francis EH (1982) Magma and sediment - I. Emplacement mechanism of late Carboniferous tholeiite sills in northern Britain. J Geol Soc, London 139: 1-20

Frey F, Green DH, Roy SD (1978) Integrated models of basalt petrogenesis: a study of quartz tholeiites to olivine melilitites from southeastern Australia utilizing geochemical and experimental petrological data. J Petrol 19: 463-513

Geissler W H, Sodoudi F, Kind R (2010) Thickness of the central and eastern European lithosphere as seen by S receiver functions. Geophys J Int 181: 604-634

Gudfinnson GH, Presnal DC (2005) Continuous gradations among primary carbonatitic, kimberlitic, melilititic, basaltic, picritic and komatiitic melts in equilibrium with garnet lherzolite at 3-8 GPa. J Petrol 46: 1645-1659

Hamois L, Mineau R (1991) Geochemistry of the Île Cadieux monticellite alnöite, Quebec, Canada. Can J Earth Sci 28: 1050-1057

Hegner E, Vennemann TW (1997) Role of fluids in the origin of Tertiary European intraplate volcanism: evidence from O, H, and Sr isotopes in melilitites. Geology 25: 1035-1038<1035:ROFITO>2.3.CO;2

Hegner E, Walter H-J, Satir M (1995) Pb-Sr-Nd isotopic compositions and trace element geochemistry of megacrysts and melilitites from the Urach volcanic field: source composition of small volume melts under SW Germany. Contrib Mineral Petrol 122: 322-335

Hoernle K, Schmincke H-U (1993) The petrology of the tholeiites through melilite nephelinites on Grand Canaria, Canary Islands: crystal fractionation, accumulation, and depths of melting. J Petrol 34: 573-597

Hofmann AW (1988) Chemical differentiation of the Earth: the relationship between mantle, continental crust, and the oceanic crust. Earth Planet Sci Lett 90: 297-314

Hofmann AW, Jochum KP, Seufert M, White WM (1986) Nb and Pb in oceanic basalts: new constraints on mantle evolution. Earth Planet Sci Lett 79: 33-45

Ishikawa A, Maruyama S, Komiya T (2004) Layered lithosphere mantle beneath the Ontong Java Plateau: implications from xenoliths in alnöite, Malaita, Solomon Islands. J Petrol 45: 2011-2044

Jacobsen SB, Wasserburg GJ (1980) Sm-Nd isotopic evolution of chondrites. Earth Planet Sci Lett 50: 139-155

Jochum KP, Nohl U (2008) Reference materials in geochemistry and environmental research and the GeoReM database. Chem Geol 253: 50-53

Johannsen A (1949) A Descriptive Petrography of the Igneous Rocks IV. University Press Chicago, pp 1-523

Johnson WM, Maxwell JA (1981) Rock and Mineral Analysis. Wiley, New York, pp 1-489

Keller J (1984) Der jungtertiäre Vulkanismus Südwestdeutschlands: Exkursionen in Kaiserstuhl und Hegau. Fortschr Mineral 62: 2-35

Keller J, Brey G, Lorenz V, Sachs P (1990) Pre-conference excursion 2A: Volcanism and petrology of the Upper Rhinegraben (Urach-Hegau-Kaiserstuhl). IAVCEI International Volcanological Congress, Mainz 1990, pp 1-31

Keller J, Zaytsev A, Wiedenmann D (2006) Primary magmas at Oldoinyo Lengai: the role of olivine melilitites. Lithos 91: 150-172

Krüger JC, Romer RL, Kämpf H (2013) Late Cretaceous ultramafic lamprophyres and carbonatites from the Delitzsch Complex, Germany. Chem Geol 353: 140-150

Kühn P (1999) The “Střelnice” dyke in Doksy (north Bohemia). Bull mineral-petrolog Odd Nár Muz (Praha) 7: 169-172

Le Bas MJ (1989) Nephelinitic and basanitic rocks. J Petrol 30: 1299-1312

Le Maitre RW (1989) A Classification of igneous rocks and glossary of terms. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford, pp 1-193

Le Maitre RW (2002) Igneous Rocks. A Classification and Glossary of Terms. 2nd Edition. Cambridge Univ Press Cambridge, pp 1-236

Le Roex AP, Bell DR, Davis, P (2003) Petrogenesis of group I kimberlites from Kimberley, South Africa: evidence from bulk-rock chemistry. J Petrol 44: 2261-2286

Lloyd FE, Huntingdon AT, Davies GR, Nixon PH (1991) Phanerozoic volcanism of southwest Uganda. A case for regional K and LILE enrichment of the lithosphere beneath a domed and rifted continental plate. In: Kampunzu AB, Lubala RT (eds) Magmatism in Extensional Structural Settings. Springer, Berlin, pp 23-72

Lustrino M, Wilson M (2007) The Circum-Mediterranean anorogenic Cenozoic igneous province. Earth Sci Rev 81: 1-65

Maaloe S, James D, Smedley P, Petersen S, Garmann LB (1992) The Koloa volcanic suite of Kaunai, Hawaii. J Petrol 33: 761-784

Melluso LM, Le Roex AP, Morra VM (2011) Petrogenesis and Nd-, Pb-, Sr-isotope geochemistry of the Cenozoic olivine melilitites and olivine nephelinites (“ankaratrites”) in Madagascar. Lithos 127: 505-521

Mitchell RH (1994) The lamprophyre facies. Mineral Petrol 51: 137-146

Morgan JW, Czamanske GK, Wandless GA (1985) Origin and evolution of the alkalic ultramafic rocks in the Coyote Peak diatreme, Humboldt County, California. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 49: 749-759

Odin GS and 35 authors (1982) Interlaboratory standards for dating purposes. In: Odin GS (ed) Numerical Dating in Stratigraphy. Wiley & Sons, Chichester, pp 123-149

Pearce NGJ, Leng MJ, Emeleus CH, Bedford CM (1997) The origins of carbonatites and related rocks from the Gronnedal-Ika nepheline syenite complex, South Greenland: C-O-Sr isotope evidence. Mineral Mag 61: 515-529

Pfeiffer L (1978) Beitrag zur Petrochemie der sächsischen Tertiärvulkanite. Freiberg Forsch H C 333: 1-64

Pfeiffer L (1994) Der Tertiäre Magmatismus im Erzgebirge und in den benachbarten Gebieten der Tschechischen Republik. Beih Eur J Mineral 6: 179-228

Piromallo C, Gasperini D., Macera P, Faccenna C (2008) A late Cretaceous contamination episode of the European-Mediterranean mantle. Earth Planet Sci Lett 268: 15-27

Pivec E, Povondra P, Rutšek J, Ulrych J (1986) Petrology and geochemistry of the Osečná intrusion in the Ještěd foothills (Northern Bohemia). Acta Montana 74: 23-31

Pivec E, Ulrych J, Höhndorf A, Rutšek J (1998) Melilitic rocks from northern Bohemia: geochemistry and mineralogy. Neu Jb Mineral, Abh 1998: 312-339

Potts PJ (1995) A Handbook of Silicate Rock Analysis. Blackie Academic and Professional, London, pp 1-622

Prodehl C, Mueller S, Haak V (1995) The European Cenozoic rift system. In: Olsen KH (ed) Continental Rifts: Evolution, Structure, Tectonics. Developments in Geotectonics 25: Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 133-212

Rass IT (2008) Melilite-bearing and melilite-free rock series in carbonatite complexes: derivatives from separate primitive melts. Canad Mineral 46: 951-969

Renno AD, Stanek KP, Lobst R, Pushkarev Y (2003 a) A new lamprophyre species from the Klunst quarry (Ebersbach, Lusatia, Germany) - geochemical and petrological implications. Z geol Wiss 31: 1-20

Renno AD, Hacker BR, Stanek KP (2003 b) An Early Cretaceous (126 Ma) ultramafic alkaline lamprophyre from the Quarry Klunst (Ebersbach, Lusatia, Germany). Z geol Wiss 31: 31-36

Rhodes JM (1981) Characteristics of primary basaltic magmas. In: Basaltic Volcanism Study Project: Basaltic Volcanism of the Terrestrial Planets. Pergamon Press, New York, pp 128-147

Rudnick RL, Gao S (2003) Composition of the continental crust. In: Rudnick, RL (ed) The Crust. Treatise on Geochemistry 3: Elsevier-Pergamon, Oxford, pp 1-64

Rock NMS (1987) The nature and origin of lamprophyres: an overview. In: Fiton JG, Upton BGJ (eds) Alkaline Igneous Rocks. Geological Society London Special Publications 30: 191-226

Rock NMS (1991) Lamprophyres. Blackie and Sons Ltd., Glasgow and London, pp 1-285

Rosenbusch H (1887) Mikroskopische Physiographie der Mineralien und Gesteine. Vol. II Massige Gesteine, 2nd edition. Schweizerbart‘sche Verlag, Stuttgart, pp 1-877

Rosenbusch H (1907) Mikroskopische Physiographie der Mineralien und Gesteine. Vol II Massige Gesteine, 4th edition. Schweizerbart‘sche Verlag, Stuttgart, pp 1-716

Scheumann KH (1913) Petrographische Untersuchungen an Gesteinen des Polzengebietes in Nord-Böhmen. Abh kön Sächs Gesel Wiss math-phys Kl 32: 607-776

Scheumann KH (1922) Zur Genese alkalisch-lamprophyrischen Ganggesteine. Zbl Mineral Geol Paläontol 2: 495-545

Seifert W, Büchner J, Tietz O (2008) Der „Melilithbasalt“ von Görlitz im Vergleich mit dem Melilithitit vom Zeughausgang: Retrospektive und neue mineral-chemische Ergebnisse. Z geol Wiss 36: 155-176

Söllner J (1913) Über den Bergalith, ein neues melilitreiches Ganggestein aus dem Kaiserstuhl. Mitt Badisch geol Landesanst 7: 2

Störmer JC, Nicholls J (1978) XLFRAC: a program for interactive testing of magmatic differentiation models. Comput and Geosci 87: 51-64

Streckeisen A (1979) Classification and nomenclature of volcanic rocks, lamprophyres, carbonatites and melilitic rocks. Neu Jb Mineral, Abh 134: 1-14

Strnad L, Mihaljevič M, Šebek O (2005) Laser ablation and solution ICP-MS determination of rare earth elements in USGS BIR-1G, BHVO-2G and BCR-2G glass reference material. Geostand Geoanal Res 29: 303-314

Sun SS, McDonough WF (1989) Chemical and isotopic systematics of oceanic basalts: implications for mantle compositions and processes. In: Saunders AD, Norry MJ (eds) Magmatism in the Ocean Basins. Geological Society London Special Publications 42: 313-345

Tappe S, Foley SF, Jenner GA, Kjarsgaard BJ (2005) Integrating ultramafic lamprophyres into the IUGS classification of igneous rocks: rationale and implications. J Petrol 46: 1893-1900

Tröger WE (1939) Über Theralith and Monchiquit. Zbl Miner Geol Paläont Abt A: 80-94

Ulrych J, Povondra P, Rutšek J, Pivec E (1988) Melilitic and melilite-bearing subvolcanic rocks from the Ploučnice river region, Czechoslovakia. Acta Univ Carol, Geol 195-231

Ulrych J, Pivec E, Povondra P, Rutšek J (1991) Rock-forming minerals of polzenite and cognate melilitic rocks from northern Bohemia, Czechoslovakia. Acta Univ Carol, Geol Fediuk Vol 2: 139-163

Ulrych J, Povondra P, Huspeka J, Pivec E, Rutšek J (1990) Chemical composition of melilitic volcanics of northern part of the Bohemian Massif. Report of the Projects II-4-1/07 and II/4/4/05. Institute of Geosciences, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, pp 1-123 (in Czech)

Ulrych J, Pivec E, Žák K, Bendl J, Bosák P (1993) Alkaline and ultramafic carbonate lamprophyres in Central Bohemian Carboniferous basins, Czech Republic. Mineral Petrol 48: 65-81

Ulrych J, Povondra P, Pivec E, Rutšek J, Bendl J, Bilik I (1996) Alkaline ultramafic sill at Dvůr Králové nad Labem, Eastern Bohemia: petrological and geochemical constraints. Acta Univ Carol, Geol 53-79

Ulrych J, Pivec E, Lang M, Lloyd FE (2000a) Ijolitic segregations in melilite nephelinite of Podhorní vrch volcano, Western Bohemia. Neu Jb Mineral, Abh 175: 317-348

Ulrych J, Cajz V, Pivec E, Novák JK, Nekovařík Č, Balogh K (2000b) Cenozoic intraplate alkaline volcanism of Western Bohemia. Stud Geophys Geod 44: 346-351

Ulrych J, Pivec E, Povondra P, Rutšek J (2000c) Upper-mantle xenoliths in melilitic rocks of the Osečná Complex, North Bohemia. J Czech Geol Soc 45: 79-93
Local link

Ulrych J, Svobodová J, Balogh K (2002) The source of Cenozoic volcanism in the České Středohoří Mts., Bohemian Massif. Neu Jb Mineral, Abh 177: 133-162

Ulrych J, Lloyd FE, Balogh K, Hegner E, Langrová A, Lang M, Novák JK, Řanda Z (2005) Petrogenesis of alkali pyroxenite and ijolite xenoliths from the Tertiary Loučná-Oberwiesenthal Volcanic Centre, Bohemian Massif in the light of new mineralogical, geochemical and isotopic data. Neu Jb Mineral, Abh 182: 57-79

Ulrych J, Pešek J, Štěpánková-Svobodová J, Bosák P, Lloyd FE, von Seckendorff V, Lang M, Novák JK (2006) Permo-Carboniferous volcanism in late Variscan continental basins of the Bohemian Massif (Czech Republic): geochemical characteristic. Chem Erde 66: 37-56

Ulrych J, Dostal J, Hegner E, Balogh, K, Ackerman L (2008) Late Cretaceous to Paleocene melilitic rocks of the Ohře/Eger Rift in northern Bohemia, Czech Republic: insights into the initial stages of continental rifting. Lithos 101: 141-161

Ulrych J, Jelínek E, Řanda Z, Lloyd FE, Balogh K, Hegner E, Novák JK (2010) Geochemical characteristics of the high- and low-Ti basaltic rocks from the uplifted shoulder of the Ohře (Eger) Rift, Western Bohemia. Chem Erde 70: 319-333

Ulrych J, Dostal J, Adamovič J, Jelínek E, Špaček P, Hegner E, Balogh K (2011) Recurrent Cenozoic volcanic activity in the Bohemian Massif (Czech Republic). Lithos 123: 133-144

Wedepohl KH (1987) Kontinentaler Intraplaten-Vulkanismus am Beispiel der tertiären Basalte der Hessischen Senke. Fortschr Mineral 65: 19-47

Wilkinson JFG, Stolz AJ (1983) Low-pressure fractionation of strongly undersaturated alkaline ultrabasic magma: the olivine-melilite-nephelinite at Moiliili, Oahu, Hawaii. Contrib Mineral Petrol 83: 363-374

Wilson M, Rosenbaum JM, Dunworth EA (1995) Melilitites: partial melts of the thermal boundary layer? Contrib Mineral Petrol 119: 181-196

Wimmenauer W (1973) Lamprophyre, Semilamprophyre und anchibasaltische Ganggesteine. Fortschr Mineral 51: 3-67

Woolley AR, Bergman CC, Edgar AD, Le Bas MJ, Mitchell RH, Rock NMS, Scott-Smith BH (1996) Classification of lamprophyres, lamproites, kimberlites, and the kalsilitic, melilitic and leucitic rocks. Canad Mineral 34: 175-186

Wurm F (1883) Über das Vorkommen von Melilithbasalt zwischen Böhmisch-Leipa und Böhmisch-Aicha. Sitz-Ber Kön Böhm Gesell Wiss (Prag) 2: 1-8

Wurm F (1884) Die Teufelsmauer zwischen Oschitz und Böhm.-Aicha. Nordböhmischer Excursions-Club, Česká Lípa, pp 1¬-35

Zahálka B (1905) Eruptive rocks from the Mělník and Mšeno neighbourhoods. Věst Král České Spol Nauk v Praze III: 1-79 (in Czech with German abstract)

Zhabin AG, Surina NP (1970) Petrology of dikes, sills and pipes of the Maymecha-Kotuyi Province. Nauka, Moscow, pp 1-202 (in Russian)

Journal of Geosciences, Published by © Czech Geological Society, with support from the Czech Geological Survey.
Webdesign inspired by aTeo. Hosted at the server of the Institute of Petrology and Structural Geology, Charles University, Prague.
ISSN: 1803-1943 (online), 1802-6222 (print)
email: jgeosci(at)
cover_rotated.gif, 15kB

SNIP (Scopus, 2015): 0.700

IF (ISI, 2015): 1.326

Policy: Open Access

ISSN: 1802-6222

E-ISSN: 1803-1943