Journal of


  (Formerly Journal of the Czech Geological Society)

Original Paper

Jakub Plášil

Oxidation-hydration weathering of uraninite: the current state-of-knowledge

Journal of Geosciences, volume 59 (2014), issue 2, 99 - 114


  Abstract References Affiliations

Belova LN (1975) Oxidation Zones of Hydrothermal Uranium Deposits. Moscow, Nedra, pp 1-158 (in Russian)

Belova LN (2000) Formation conditions of oxidation zones of uranium deposits and uranium mineral accumulations in the gipergenesis (sic) zone. Geol Ore Dep 42: 103-110

Belova LN, Gorshkov AI, Ivanova OA, Sivtsov AV, Lizorkina LI, Voronikhin VA (1984) Vyacheslavite U4+(PO4)(OH)•nH2O - a new uranium phosphate. Zap. Vsesoyuz. Mineral. Obsh. 113: 360-365

Birch WD, Mills SJ, Maas R, Hellstrom JC (2011) A chronology for Late Quaternary weathering in the Murray Basin, southeastern Australia: evidence from 230Th/U dating of secondary uranium phosphates in the Lake Boga and Wycheproof granites, Victoria. Austr J Earth Sci 58: 835-845

Brown ID (1981) The bond-valence method: an empirical approach to chemical structure and bonding. In: O’Keeffe M, Navrotsky A (eds) Structure and Bonding in Crystals, vol. 2. Academic Press, New York, pp 1-30

Brown ID (2002) The Chemical Bond in Inorganic Chemistry. The Bond Valence Model. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 1-270

Brown ID (2009) Recent developments in the methods of the bond valence model. Chem Rev 109: 6858-6919

Brugger J, Meisser N, Burns PC (2003) Contribution to the mineralogy of acid drainage of uranium minerals: marecottite and the zippeite-group. Amer Miner 88: 676-685

Brugger J, Krivovichev SV, Berlepsh P, Meisser N, Ansermet S, Armbruster T (2004) Spriggite, Pb3[(UO2)6O8(OH)2](H2O)3, a new mineral with α-U3O8-type sheets: description and crystal structure. Amer Miner 89: 339-347

Brugger J, Meisser N, Etschmann B, Ansermet S, Pring A (2011) Paulscherrerite from the Number 2 Workings, Mount Painter Inlier, Northern Flinders Ranges, South Australia: “Dehydrated schoepite” is a mineral after all. Amer Miner 296: 229-240

Burns PC (1997) A new uranyl oxide hydrate sheet in vandendriesscheite: implications for mineral paragenesis and the corrosion of spent nuclear fuel. Amer Miner 82: 1176-1186

Burns PC (1998a) CCD area detectors of X-ray applied to the analysis of mineral structures. Canad Mineral 36: 847-853

Burns PC (1998b) The structure of richetite, a rare lead uranyl oxide hydrate. Canad Mineral 36: 187-199

Burns PC (1998c) The structure of compreignacite, K2(UO2)3O2(OH)3]2(H2O)7. Canad Mineral 36: 1061-1067

Burns PC (1999a) Cs boltwoodite obtained by the ion exchange from single crystals: implication for the radionuclide release in nuclear repository. J Nucl Mater 265: 218-223

Burns PC (1999b) The crystal chemistry of uranium. In: Burns PC, Ewing RC (eds) Uranium: Mineralogy, Geochemistry and the Environment. Mineralogical Society of America and Geochemical Society Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry 38: 23-90

Burns PC (1999c) A new complex sheet of uranyl polyhedra in the structure of wölsendorfite. Amer Miner 84: 1661-1673

Burns P C (2005) U6+ minerals and inorganic compounds: insights into an expanded structural hierarchy of crystal structures. Canad Mineral 43: 1839-1894

Burns PC (2007) Crystal chemistry of uranium oxocompounds: an overview. In: Krivovichev SV, Burns PC, Tananaev IG (eds) Structural Chemistry of Inorganic Actinide Compounds. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 1-30

Burns PC, Finch RJ (1999) Wyartite: crystallographic evidence for the first pentavalent-uranium mineral. Amer Miner 84: 1456-1460

Burns PC, Hanchar J (1999) The structure of masuyite, Pb[(UO2)3O8(OH)2](H2O)3, and its relationship to protasite. Canad Mineral 37: 1483-1491

Burns PC, Hill F (2000) Implications of the synthesis and structure of the Sr analogue of curite. Canad Mineral 38: 175-181

Burns PC, Li Y (2002) The structures of becquerelite and Sr-exchanged becquerelite. Amer Miner 87: 550-557

Burns PC, Miller ML, Ewing RC (1996) U6+ minerals and inorganic phases: a comparison and hierarchy of crystal structures. Canad Mineral 34: 845-880

Burns PC, Ewing RC, Hawthorne, FC (1997a) The crystal chemistry of hexavalent uranium: polyhedron geometries, bond-valence parameters, and polymerization of polyhedra. Canad Mineral 35: 1551-1570

Burns PC, Ewing RC, Miller ML (1997b) Incorporation mechanisms of actinide elements into the structures of U6+ phases formed during the oxidation of spent nuclear fuel. J Nucl Mater 245: 1-9

Burns PC, Finch RJ, Hawthorne FC, Miller ML, Ewing RC (1997c) The crystal structure of ianthinite, [U4+2(UO2)4O6(OH)4(H2O)4](H2O)5: a possible phase for Pu4+ incorporation during the oxidation of spent nuclear fuel. J Nucl Mater 249: 199-206

Burns PC, Deely KM, Skanthakumar S (2004) Neptunium incorporation into uranyl compounds that form as alteration products of spent nuclear fuel: implications for geologic repository performance. Radiochim Acta 92: 151-159

Cahill CL, Burns PC (2000) The structure of agrinierite: a Sr-containing uranyl oxide hydrate mineral. Amer Miner 85: 1294-1297

Čejka J, Urbanec Z (1990) Secondary uranium minerals. Transactions of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, Mathematics and Natural History Series 100: pp 1-93

Cesbron F, Brown WL, Bariand P, Geffroy J (1972) Rameauite and agrinierite, two new hydrated complex uranyl oxides from Margnac, France. Mineral Mag 38: 781-789

Chen F, Ewing RC, Clark SB (1999) The Gibbs free energies and enthalpies of formation of U6+ phases: an empirical method of prediction. Amer Miner 84: 650-684

Chen Z, Yuzhu H, Xiaofa G (1990) A new mineral - yingjiangite. Acta Mineral Sin 10: 102-105 (in Chinese with English abstract)

Coutinho JMV, Atencio D (2000) Phosphuranylite from Minas Gerais, Brazil and its identity with yingjiangite. In: 4th International Mineralogy in Museums Conference, December 4th-7th, 2000, Program and Abstracts. Mineralogical Society of Victoria, Melbourne, pp 35

Deditius AP, Utsunomyia S, Ewing RC (2007a) Alteration of UO2+x under oxidizing conditions, Marshall Pass, Colorado, USA. J All Comp 444-445: 584-589

Deditius AP, Utsunomyia S, Ewing RC (2007b) Fate of trace elements during alteration of uraninite in a hydrothermal vein-type U-deposit from Marshall Pass, Colorado, USA. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 71: 4954-4972

Deditius AP, Utsunomyia S, Ewing RC (2008) The chemical stability of coffinite, USiO4nH2O; 0 < n < 2, associated with organic matter: a case study from Grants uranium region, New Mexico, USA. Chem Geol 251: 33-49

Deditius AP, Pointeau V, Zhang JM, Ewing RC (2012) Formation of nanoscale Th-coffinite. Amer Miner 97: 681-693

Demartin F, Diella V, Donzelli S, Gramaccioli CM, Pilati T (1991) The importance of accurate crystal structure determination of uranium minerals. I. Phosphuranylite KCa(H3O)3(UO2)7(PO4)4O4.8H2O. Acta Cryst B47: 439-446

Dill HG, Weber B, Gerdes A (2010) Constraining the physical-chemical conditions of Pleistocene cavernous weathering in Late Palaeozoic granites. Geomorph 121: 283-290

Dill HG, Gerdes A, Weber B (2011) Dating of Pleistocene uranyl phosphates in the supergene alteration zone of Late Variscan granites by Laser-Ablation-Inductive-Coupled-Plasma Mass Spectrometry with a review of U minerals of geochronological relevance to Quaternary geology. Chem Erde 71: 201-206

Dill HG, Hansen BT, Weber B (2013) U/Pb age and origin of supergene uranophane-beta from the Borborema Pegmatite Mineral Province, Brazil. J South Am Earth Sci 45: 160-165

Evins LZ, Jensen KA, Ewing RC (2005) Uraninite recrystallization and Pb loss in the Oklo and Bangombé natural fission reactors, Gabon. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 69: 1589-1606

Ewing RC (1993) The long-term performance of nuclear waste forms: natural materials - three case studies. Mater Res Soc Symp Proc 294: 559-568

Ewing RC (2011) Actinides and radiation effects: impact on the back-end of the nuclear fuel cycle. Mineral Mag 75: 2359-2377

Fayek M, Kyser TK, Riciputi LR (2002) U and Pb isotope analysis of uranium minerals by ion microprobe and the geochronology of the McArthur River and Sue Zone uranium deposits, Saskatchewan, Canada. Canad Mineral 40: 1553-1569

Finch RJ, Ewing RC (1992) The corrosion of uraninite under oxidizing conditions. J Nucl Mater 190: 133-156

Finch RJ, Murakami T (1999) Systematics and paragenesis of uranium minerals. In: Burns PC, Ewing RC (eds) Uranium: Mineralogy, Geochemistry and the Environment. Mineralogical Society of America and Geochemical Society Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry 38: pp 91-179

Finch RJ, Cooper MA, Hawthorne FC, Ewing RC (1996) The crystal structure of schoepite, [(UO2)8O2(OH)12](H2O)12. Canad Mineral 34: 1071-1088

Finch RJ, Hawthorne FC, Ewing RC (1998) Structural relations among schoepite, metaschoepite and “dehydrated schoepite”. Canad Mineral 36: 831-845

Finch RJ, Burns PC, Hawthorne FC, Ewing RC (2006) Refinement of the crystal structure of billietite Ba[(UO2)6O4(OH)6](H2O)8. Canad Mineral 44: 1197-1205

Forbes TZ, Horan P, Devine T, McInnis D, Burns PC (2011) Alteration of dehydrated schoepite and soddyite to studtite, [(UO2)(O2)(H2O)2](H2O)2. Amer Miner 96: 202-206

Frondel C (1956) The mineralogical composition of gummite. Amer Miner 41: 539-568

Frondel C (1958) Systematic mineralogy of uranium and thorium. US Geol Surv Bull 1064: 1-400

Göb S, Guhring JE, Bau M, Markl G (2013) Remobilization of U and REE and the formation of secondary minerals in oxidized U deposits. Amer Miner 98: 530-548

Gorman-Lewis D, Mazeina L, Fein JB, Szymanovski JES, Burns PC, Navrotsky A (2007) Thermodynamic properties of soddyite from solubility and calorimetry measurements. J Chem Thermodyn 39: 568-575

Gorman-Lewis D, Burns PC, Fein JB (2008a) Review of uranyl mineral solubility measurements. J Chem Thermodyn 40: 335-352

Gorman-Lewis D, Fein JB, Burns PC, Szymanovski JES (2008b) Converse, solubility measurements of the uranyl oxide hydrate phases metaschoepite, compreignacite, Na-compreignacite, becquerelite, and clarkeite. J Chem Thermodyn 40: 980-990

Gorman-Lewis D, Shvareva T, Kubatko KA, Burns PC, Wellman DM, McNamara B, Szymanovsky JES, Navrotsky A, Fein JB (2009) Thermodynamic properties of autunite, uranyl hydrogen phosphate, and uranyl orthophosphate from solubility and calorimetric measurements. Envir Sci Technol 43: 7416-7422

Hawthorne FC (1983) Graphical enumeration of polyhedral clusters. Acta Cryst A39: 724-736

Hawthorne FC (1994) Structural aspects of oxide and oxysalt crystals. Acta Cryst B50: 481-510

Hawthorne FC (2012) A bond-topological approach to theoretical mineralogy: crystal structure, chemical composition and chemical reactions. Phys Chem Miner 39: 841-874

Hawthorne FC, Schindler M (2008) Understanding the weakly bonded constituents in oxysalt minerals. Z Kristall 223: 41-68

Hawthorne FC, Sokolova E (2012) The role of H2O in controlling bond topology: I. The [6]Mg(SO4)(H2O)n (n = 0-11) structures. Z Kristall 227: 594-603

Hazen RM, Ewing RC, Sverjensky DA (2009) Evolution of uranium and thorium minerals. Amer Miner 94: 1293-1311

Holliger P (1991) SIMS isotope analysis of U and Pb in uranium oxides: Geological and nuclear applications. In: Benninghoven A, Jansen KTF, Tümpner J, Werner HW (eds) Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS VIII). J. Wiley & Sons, Chichester, pp 719-722

Isobe H, Murakami T, Ewing RC (1992) Alteration of uranium minerals in the Koongarra deposit, Australia: unweathered zone. J Nucl Mater 190: 174-187

Janeczek J, Ewing RC (1992) Structural formula of uraninite. J Nucl Mater 190: 128-132

Janeczek J, Ewing RC (1995) Mechanisms of lead release from uraninite in the natural fission reactors in Gabon. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 59: 1917-1931

Janeczek J, Ewing RC, Oversby VM, Werme LO (1996) Uraninite and UO2 in spent nuclear fuel: a comparison. J Nucl Mater 238: 121-130

Kampf AR, Mills SJ, Housley RM, Marty J, Thorne B (2010) Lead-tellurium oxysalts from Otto Mountain near Baker, California: IV. Markcooperite, Pb(UO2)Te6+O6, the first natural uranyl tellurate. Amer Miner 95: 1554-1559

Kampf AR, Plášil J, Kasatkin AV, Marty J (2013) Belakovskiite, IMA 2013-075. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3252; Mineral Mag 77: 3249-3258

Klingensmith A, Burns PC (2007) Neptunium substitution in synthetic uranophane and soddyite. Amer Miner 92: 1946-1951

Klingensmith A, Deely KM, Kinman WS, Kelly V, Burns PC (2007) Neptunium incorporation in sodium-substituted metaschoepite. Amer Miner 92: 662-669

Klomínský J, Veselovský F, Malec J (2013) Recent minerals in the Bedřichov water supply tunnel in Jizera Mts. - an example of the uranium release from the Jizera granite. Zpr Geol Výzk za r 2012: 2014-2019 (in Czech with English abstract)

Krivovichev SV, Plášil J (2013) Mineralogy and Crystallography of Uranium. In: Burns PC, Sigmon GE (eds) Uranium: From Cradle to Grave. Mineralogical Association of Canada Short Courses 43: pp 15-119

Kubatko KA, Helean KB, Navrotsky A, Burns PC (2005) Thermodynamics of uranyl minerals: enthalpies of formation of rutherfordine, UO2CO3, andersonite, Na2CaUO2(CO3)3(H2O)5, and grimselite, K3NaUO2(CO3)3H2O. Amer Miner 90: 1284-1290

Kubatko KAH, Helean K, Burns PC, Navrotsky A (2006) Thermodynamics of uranyl minerals: enthalpies of formation of uranyl oxide hydrates. Amer Miner 91: 658-666

Langmuir D (1978) Uranium solution-mineral equilibria at low temperatures with applications to sedimentary ore. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 42: 547-569

Li Y, Burns PC (2000a) Investigations of crystal-chemical variability in lead uranyl oxide hydrates. I. Curite. Canad Mineral 38: 727-735

Li Y, Burns PC (2000b) Investigations of crystal-chemical variability in lead uranyl oxide hydrates. II. Fourmarierite. Canad Mineral 38: 737-749

Li Y, Burns PC (2001) The structures of two sodium uranyl compounds relevant to nuclear waste disposal. J Nucl Mater 299: 219-226

Lian J, Zhang JM, Pointeau V, Zhang FX, Lang M, Lu FY, Poinssot C, Ewing RC (2009) Response of synthetic coffinite to energetic ion beam irradiation. J Nucl Mater 393: 481-486

Löfvendahl R, Holm E (1981) Radioactive disequilibria and apparent ages of secondary uranium minerals in Sweden. Lithos 14: 189-201

Maas R, Mills S, Birch W, Hellstrom J (2006) U-series dating of secondary U phosphates - potential for improving chronologies of Late Pleistocene pluvial. ASEG Extended Abstracts 2006, 18th Geophysical Conference, pp 1-3

Meisser N, Brugger J, Ansermet S, Thélin P, Bussy S (2010) Françoisite-(Ce), a new mineral species from La Creusaz uranium deposit (Valais, Switzerland) and from Radium Ridge (Flinders Ranges, South Australia): description and genesis. Amer Miner 95: 1527-1532

Mereiter K (1986) Crystal structure and crystallographic properties of schröckingerite from Joachimsthal. Tschermaks Mineral Petrogr Mitt 35: 1-18

Mills SJ, Birch WD, Kolitsch U, Mumme WG, Grey IE (2008) Lakebogaite, CaNaFe3+2H(UO2)2(PO4)4(OH)2(H2O)8, a new uranyl phosphate with a unique crystal structure from Victoria, Australia. Amer Miner 93: 691-697

Murakami T, Ohnuki T, Isobe H, Sato T (1997) Uranium mobility during weathering. Amer Miner 82: 888-899

Navrotsky A, Shvareva T, Guo X (2013) Thermodynamics of uranium minerals and related materials In: Burns PC, Sigmon GE (eds) Uranium: From Cradle to Grave. Mineralogical Association of Canada Short Courses 43: pp 147-164

Neymark LA, Amelin YV (2008) Natural radionuclide mobility and its influence on U-Th-Pb dating of secondary minerals from the unsaturated zone at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 72: 2067-2089

Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Hloušek J, Skála R, Vavřín I, Frýda J, Čejka J, Gabašová A (1997) Secondary minerals of the Jáchymov (Joachimsthal) ore district. J Czech Geol Soc 42: 3-76
Direct link

Pagoaga MK, Appleman DE, Stewart JM (1987) Crystal structures and crystal chemistry of the uranyl oxide hydrates becquerelite, billietite, and protasite. Amer Miner 72: 1230-1238.

Pearcy EC, Prikryl JD, Murphy WM, Leslie BW (1994) alteration of uraninite from the Nopal-I deposit, Peña-Blanca district, Chihuahua, Mexico, compared to degradation of spent nuclear-fuel in the proposed United-States high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Appl Geochem 9: 713-732

Pekov IV, Levitskiy VV, Krivovichev SV, Zolotarev AA, Bryzgalov IA, Zadov AE, Chukanov NV (2012a) New nickel-uranium-arsenic mineral species from the oxidation zone of the Belorechenskoye deposit, Northern Caucasus, Russia: I. Rauchite, Ni(UO2)2(AsO4)2.10H2O, a member of the autunite group. Eur J Mineral 24: 913-922

Pekov IV, Levitskiy VV, Krivovichev SV, Zolotarev AA, Chukanov NV, Bryzgalov IA, Zadov AE (2012b) New nickel-uranium-arsenic mineral species from the oxidation zone of the Belorechenskoye deposit, Northern Caucasus, Russia: II. Dymkovite, Ni(UO2)2(As3+O3)2•7H2O, a seelite-related arsenite. Eur J Mineral 24: 923-930

Pekov IV, Krivovichev SV, Yapaskurt VO, Chukanov NV, Belakovskiy DI (2013) Beshtauite, IMA 2012-051. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 3; Mineral Mag 77: 1-12

Piret P, Deliens M, Piret-Meunier J, Germain G (1983) La sayrite, Pb2[(UO2)5O6(OH)2]•4H2O, nouveau minéral; propriétés et structure cristalline. Bull Minéral 106: 299-304

Plášil J, Sejkora J, Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Beran P, Goliáš V (2006) Supergene minerals in the Horní Slavkov uranium ore district, Czech Republic. J Czech Geol Soc 51: 149-158

Plášil J, Sejkora J, Čejka J, Škoda R, Goliáš V (2009) Supergene mineralization of the Medvědín uranium deposit, Krkonoše Mountains, Czech Republic. J Geosci 54: 15-56

Plášil J, Sejkora J, Čejka J, Novák M, Viñals J, Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Škácha P, Jehlička J, Goliáš V, Hloušek J (2010a): Metarauchite, Ni(UO2)2(AsO4)2·8H2O, from Jáchymov, Czech Republic, and Schneeberg, Germany: a new member of the autunite group. Canad Mineral 48: 335-350

Plášil J, Čejka J, Sejkora J, Škácha P, Goliáš V, Jarka P, Laufek F, Jehlička J, Němec I, Strnad L (2010b) Widenmannite, a rare uranyl lead carbonate: occurrence, formation and characterization. Mineral Mag 74: 97-110

Plášil J, Dušek M, Novák M, Čejka J, Císařová I, Škoda R (2011a) Sejkoraite-(Y), a new member of the zippeite group containing trivalent cations from Jáchymov (St. Joachimsthal), Czech Republic: description and crystal structure refinement. Amer Miner 96: 983-991

Plášil J, Fejfarová K, Novák M, Dušek M, Škoda R, Hloušek J, Čejka J, Majzlan J, Sejkora J, Machovič V, Talla D (2011b) Běhounekite,U(SO4)2(H2O)4, from Jáchymov (St Joachimsthal), Czech Republic: the first natural U4+ sulphate. Mineral Mag 75: 2739-2753

Plášil J, Fejfarová K, Wallwork KS, Dušek M, Škoda R, Sejkora J, Čejka J, Veselovský F, Hloušek J, Meisser N, Brugger J (2012a) Crystal structure of pseudojohannite, with a revised formula, Cu3(OH)2[(UO2)4O4(SO4)2](H2O)12. Amer Miner 97: 1796-1803

Plášil J, Hloušek J, Veselovský F, Fejfarová K, Dušek M, Škoda R, Novák M, Čejka J, Sejkora J, Ondruš P (2012b) Adolfpateraite, K(UO2)(SO4)(OH)(H2O), a new uranyl sulphate mineral from Jáchymov, Czech Republic. Amer Miner 97: 447-454

Plášil J, Hauser J, Petříček V, Meisser N, Mills SJ, Škoda R, Fejfarová K, Čejka J, Sejkora J, Hloušek J, Johannet J-M, Machovič V, Lapčák L (2012c) Crystal structure and formula revision of deliensite, Fe[(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2](H2O)7. Mineral Mag 76: 2837-2860

Plášil J, Fejfarová K, Hloušek J, Škoda R, Novák M, Sejkora J, Čejka J, Dušek M, Veselovský F, Ondruš P, Majzlan J, Mrázek Z (2013a) Štěpite, U(AsO3OH)2.4H2O, from Jáchymov, Czech Republic: the first natural arsenate of tetravalent uranium. Mineral Mag 77: 137-152

Plášil J, Kasatkin AV, Škoda R, Novák M, Kallistová A, Dušek M, Skála R, Fejfarová K, Čejka J, Meisser N, Goethals H, Machovič V, Lapčák L (2013b) Leydetite, Fe(UO2)(SO4)2(H2O)11, a new uranyl sulfate mineral from Mas d’Alary, Lodève, France. Mineral Mag 77: 429-441

Plášil J, Kampf AR, Kasatkin AV, Marty J, Škoda R, Silva S, Čejka J (2013c) Meisserite, Na5(UO2)(SO4)3(SO3OH)(H2O), a new uranyl sulfate mineral from the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA. Mineral Mag 77: 2975-2988

Schindler M, Hawthorne FC (2001) A bond-valence approach to the structure, chemistry and paragenesis of hydroxyl-hydrated oxysalt minerals. II. Crystal structure and chemical composition of borate minerals. Canad Mineral 39: 1243-1256

Schindler M, Hawthorne FC (2004) A bond-valence approach to the uranyl-oxide hydroxy-hydrate minerals: chemical composition and occurrence. Canad Mineral 42: 1601-1627

Schindler M, Hawthorne FC (2008) The stereochemistry and chemical composition of interstitial complexes in uranyl-oxysalt minerals. Canad Mineral 46: 467-5017

Schindler M, Putnis A (2004) Crystal growth of schoepite on the (104) surface of calcite. Canad Mineral 42: 1667-1681

Schindler M, Mutter A, Hawthorne FC, Putnis A (2004a) Prediction of crystal morphology of complex uranyl-sheet minerals. I. Theory. Canad Mineral 42: 1629-1649

Schindler M, Mutter A, Hawthorne FC, Putnis A (2004b) Prediction of crystal morphology of complex uranyl-sheet minerals. II. Observations. Canad Mineral 42: 1651-1666

Schindler M, Hawthorne F C, Putnis C, Putnis A (2004c) Growth of uranyl-hydroxy-hydrate and uranyl-carbonate minerals on the (104) surface of calcite. Canad Mineral 42: 1683-1697

Schindler M, Hawthorne FC, Mandaliev P, Burns PC, Maurice PA (2011) An integrated study of uranyl mineral dissolution processes: etch pit formation, effects of cations in solution, and secondary precipitation. Radiochim Acta 99: 79-94

Sejkora J, Čejka J (2007) Šreinite from Horní Halže, the Krušné hory Mountains, Czech Republic, a new mineral species, its comparison with asselbornite from Schneeberg, and new data for asselbornite. Neu Jb Mineral, Abh 184: 197-206

Sharpe R, Fayek M (2011) The world’s oldest observed primary uraninite. Canad Mineral 49: 1199-1210

Shvareva T, Mazeina L, Gorman-Lewis D, Burns PC, Szymanovski JES, Fein JB, Navrotsky A (2011) Thermodynamic characterization of boltwoodite and uranophane: Enthalpy of formation and aqueous solubility. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 75: 5269-5282

Shvareva TY, Fein JB, Navrotsky A (2012) Thermodynamic properties of uranyl minerals: constraints from calorimetry and solubility measurements. Ind Eng Chem Res 51: 607-613

Škácha P, Goliáš V, Sejkora J, Plášil J, Strnad L, Škoda R, Ježek J (2009) Hydrothermal uranium-base metal mineralization of the Jánská vein, Březové Hory, Příbram, Czech Republic: lead isotopes and chemical dating of uraninite. J Geosci 54: 1-13

Sureda R, Casas I, Gimenez J, de Pablo J, Quinones J, Zhang J, Ewing RC (2011) Effects of ionizing radiation and temperature on uranyl silicates: soddyite (UO2)2(SiO4)(H2O)2 and uranophane Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2.5H2O. Env Sci Technol 45: 2510-2515

Walenta K, Theye T (2012) Heisenbergite, a new uranium mineral from the uranium deposit of Menzenschwand in the Southern Black Forest, Germany. Neu Jb Mineral, Abh 189: 117-123

Walenta K, Hatért F, Theye T, Lissner F, Röller K (2009) Nielsbohrite, a new potassium uranyl arsenate from the uranium deposit of Menzenschwand, southern Black Forest, Germany. Eur J Mineral 21: 515-520

Weller MT, Light ME, Gelbricht T (2000) Structure of uranium(VI) oxide dihydrate, UO3•2H2O; synthetic meta-schoepite (UO2)4O(OH)6•5H2O. Acta Cryst B56: 577-583

Wronkiewicz DJ, Bates JK, Gerding TJ, Veleckis E (1992) Uranium release and secondary phase formation during unsaturated testing of UO2 at 90 °C. J Nucl Mater 190: 107-127

Wronkiewicz DJ, Bates JK, Wolf SF, Bick EC (1996) Ten-year results from unsaturated drip tests with UO2 at 90 °C: implications for the corrosion of spent nuclear fuel. J Nucl Mater 238: 78-95

Zhang JM, Livshits TS, Lizin AA, Hu QN, Ewing RC (2010) Irradiation of synthetic garnet by heavy ions and α-decay of 244Cm. J Nucl Mater 307: 137-142

Journal of Geosciences, Published by © Czech Geological Society, with support from the Czech Geological Survey.
Webdesign inspired by aTeo. Hosted at the server of the Institute of Petrology and Structural Geology, Charles University, Prague.
ISSN: 1803-1943 (online), 1802-6222 (print)
email: jgeosci(at)
cover_rotated.gif, 15kB

SNIP (Scopus, 2022): 0.826

IF (WoS, 2022): 1.4

5 YEAR IF (WoS, 2022): 1.8

Policy: Open Access

ISSN: 1802-6222

E-ISSN: 1803-1943